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i want make writable anonymous root but when i run ftp localhost i've got this message 500 OOPS: vsftpd: refusing to run with writable anonymous root this is my setting ...
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  1. #1
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    500 OOPS: vsftpd: refusing to run with writable anonymous root


    i want make writable anonymous root but when i run ftp localhost i've got this message
    500 OOPS: vsftpd: refusing to run with writable anonymous root

    this is my setting

    # mkdir /home/user4
    # chmod 777 /home/user4
    # groupadd grpftp
    # useradd -g grpftp -d /home/user4 user4
    # chown user4 /home/user4

    i have setting my vsftpd.conf :

    # Example config file /etc/vsftpd.conf
    #
    # The default compiled in settings are fairly paranoid. This sample file
    # loosens things up a bit, to make the ftp daemon more usable.
    # Please see vsftpd.conf.5 for all compiled in defaults.
    #
    # READ THIS: This example file is NOT an exhaustive list of vsftpd options.
    # Please read the vsftpd.conf.5 manual page to get a full idea of vsftpd's
    # capabilities.
    #
    #
    # Run standalone? vsftpd can run either from an inetd or as a standalone
    # daemon started from an initscript.
    listen=YES
    #
    # Run standalone with IPv6?
    # Like the listen parameter, except vsftpd will listen on an IPv6 socket
    # instead of an IPv4 one. This parameter and the listen parameter are mutually
    # exclusive.
    #listen_ipv6=YES
    #
    # Allow anonymous FTP? (Beware - allowed by default if you comment this out).
    anonymous_enable=YES
    #
    # Uncomment this to allow local users to log in.
    local_enable=YES
    #
    # Uncomment this to enable any form of FTP write command.
    #write_enable=YES
    #
    # Default umask for local users is 077. You may wish to change this to 022,
    # if your users expect that (022 is used by most other ftpd's)
    #local_umask=022
    #
    # Uncomment this to allow the anonymous FTP user to upload files. This only
    # has an effect if the above global write enable is activated. Also, you will
    # obviously need to create a directory writable by the FTP user.
    anon_upload_enable=YES
    #
    # Uncomment this if you want the anonymous FTP user to be able to create
    # new directories.
    anon_mkdir_write_enable=YES
    #
    # Activate directory messages - messages given to remote users when they
    # go into a certain directory.
    dirmessage_enable=YES
    #
    # Activate logging of uploads/downloads.
    xferlog_enable=YES
    #
    # Make sure PORT transfer connections originate from port 20 (ftp-data).
    connect_from_port_20=YES
    #
    # If you want, you can arrange for uploaded anonymous files to be owned by
    # a different user. Note! Using "root" for uploaded files is not
    # recommended!
    #chown_uploads=YES
    chown_username=user4
    anon_root=/home/user4
    #
    # You may override where the log file goes if you like. The default is shown
    # below.
    #xferlog_file=/var/log/vsftpd.log
    #
    # If you want, you can have your log file in standard ftpd xferlog format
    #xferlog_std_format=YES
    #
    # You may change the default value for timing out an idle session.
    #idle_session_timeout=600
    #
    # You may change the default value for timing out a data connection.
    #data_connection_timeout=120
    #
    # It is recommended that you define on your system a unique user which the
    # ftp server can use as a totally isolated and unprivileged user.
    #nopriv_user=ftpsecure
    #
    # Enable this and the server will recognise asynchronous ABOR requests. Not
    # recommended for security (the code is non-trivial). Not enabling it,
    # however, may confuse older FTP clients.
    #async_abor_enable=YES
    #
    # By default the server will pretend to allow ASCII mode but in fact ignore
    # the request. Turn on the below options to have the server actually do ASCII
    # mangling on files when in ASCII mode.
    # Beware that on some FTP servers, ASCII support allows a denial of service
    # attack (DoS) via the command "SIZE /big/file" in ASCII mode. vsftpd
    # predicted this attack and has always been safe, reporting the size of the
    # raw file.
    # ASCII mangling is a horrible feature of the protocol.
    #ascii_upload_enable=YES
    #ascii_download_enable=YES
    #
    # You may fully customise the login banner string:
    #ftpd_banner=Welcome to blah FTP service.
    #
    # You may specify a file of disallowed anonymous e-mail addresses. Apparently
    # useful for combatting certain DoS attacks.
    #deny_email_enable=YES
    # (default follows)
    #banned_email_file=/etc/vsftpd.banned_emails
    #
    # You may restrict local users to their home directories. See the FAQ for
    # the possible risks in this before using chroot_local_user or
    # chroot_list_enable below.
    #chroot_local_user=YES
    #
    # You may specify an explicit list of local users to chroot() to their home
    # directory. If chroot_local_user is YES, then this list becomes a list of
    # users to NOT chroot().
    #chroot_list_enable=YES
    # (default follows)
    #chroot_list_file=/etc/vsftpd.chroot_list
    #
    # You may activate the "-R" option to the builtin ls. This is disabled by
    # default to avoid remote users being able to cause excessive I/O on large
    # sites. However, some broken FTP clients such as "ncftp" and "mirror" assume
    # the presence of the "-R" option, so there is a strong case for enabling it.
    #ls_recurse_enable=YES
    #
    #
    # Debian customization
    #
    # Some of vsftpd's settings don't fit the Debian filesystem layout by
    # default. These settings are more Debian-friendly.
    #
    # This option should be the name of a directory which is empty. Also, the
    # directory should not be writable by the ftp user. This directory is used
    # as a secure chroot() jail at times vsftpd does not require filesystem
    # access.
    secure_chroot_dir=/var/run/vsftpd
    #
    # This string is the name of the PAM service vsftpd will use.
    pam_service_name=vsftpd
    #
    # This option specifies the location of the RSA certificate to use for SSL
    # encrypted connections.
    rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/certs/vsftpd.pem


    but if i change to chmod 755 /home/user4 the ftp localhost work but it can't writable

    anyone can help me?

  2. #2
    Just Joined! TuxKnight's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    New Zealand
    Posts
    28
    Quote Originally Posted by joe_cuek View Post
    i want make writable anonymous root but when i run ftp localhost i've got this message
    500 OOPS: vsftpd: refusing to run with writable anonymous root

    this is my setting

    # mkdir /home/user4
    # chmod 777 /home/user4
    # groupadd grpftp
    # useradd -g grpftp -d /home/user4 user4
    # chown user4 /home/user4

    i have setting my vsftpd.conf :

    # Example config file /etc/vsftpd.conf
    #
    # The default compiled in settings are fairly paranoid. This sample file
    # loosens things up a bit, to make the ftp daemon more usable.
    # Please see vsftpd.conf.5 for all compiled in defaults.
    #
    # READ THIS: This example file is NOT an exhaustive list of vsftpd options.
    # Please read the vsftpd.conf.5 manual page to get a full idea of vsftpd's
    # capabilities.
    #
    #
    # Run standalone? vsftpd can run either from an inetd or as a standalone
    # daemon started from an initscript.
    listen=YES
    #
    # Run standalone with IPv6?
    # Like the listen parameter, except vsftpd will listen on an IPv6 socket
    # instead of an IPv4 one. This parameter and the listen parameter are mutually
    # exclusive.
    #listen_ipv6=YES
    #
    # Allow anonymous FTP? (Beware - allowed by default if you comment this out).
    anonymous_enable=YES
    #
    # Uncomment this to allow local users to log in.
    local_enable=YES
    #
    # Uncomment this to enable any form of FTP write command.
    #write_enable=YES
    #
    # Default umask for local users is 077. You may wish to change this to 022,
    # if your users expect that (022 is used by most other ftpd's)
    #local_umask=022
    #
    # Uncomment this to allow the anonymous FTP user to upload files. This only
    # has an effect if the above global write enable is activated. Also, you will
    # obviously need to create a directory writable by the FTP user.
    anon_upload_enable=YES
    #
    # Uncomment this if you want the anonymous FTP user to be able to create
    # new directories.
    anon_mkdir_write_enable=YES
    #
    # Activate directory messages - messages given to remote users when they
    # go into a certain directory.
    dirmessage_enable=YES
    #
    # Activate logging of uploads/downloads.
    xferlog_enable=YES
    #
    # Make sure PORT transfer connections originate from port 20 (ftp-data).
    connect_from_port_20=YES
    #
    # If you want, you can arrange for uploaded anonymous files to be owned by
    # a different user. Note! Using "root" for uploaded files is not
    # recommended!
    #chown_uploads=YES
    chown_username=user4
    anon_root=/home/user4
    #
    # You may override where the log file goes if you like. The default is shown
    # below.
    #xferlog_file=/var/log/vsftpd.log
    #
    # If you want, you can have your log file in standard ftpd xferlog format
    #xferlog_std_format=YES
    #
    # You may change the default value for timing out an idle session.
    #idle_session_timeout=600
    #
    # You may change the default value for timing out a data connection.
    #data_connection_timeout=120
    #
    # It is recommended that you define on your system a unique user which the
    # ftp server can use as a totally isolated and unprivileged user.
    #nopriv_user=ftpsecure
    #
    # Enable this and the server will recognise asynchronous ABOR requests. Not
    # recommended for security (the code is non-trivial). Not enabling it,
    # however, may confuse older FTP clients.
    #async_abor_enable=YES
    #
    # By default the server will pretend to allow ASCII mode but in fact ignore
    # the request. Turn on the below options to have the server actually do ASCII
    # mangling on files when in ASCII mode.
    # Beware that on some FTP servers, ASCII support allows a denial of service
    # attack (DoS) via the command "SIZE /big/file" in ASCII mode. vsftpd
    # predicted this attack and has always been safe, reporting the size of the
    # raw file.
    # ASCII mangling is a horrible feature of the protocol.
    #ascii_upload_enable=YES
    #ascii_download_enable=YES
    #
    # You may fully customise the login banner string:
    #ftpd_banner=Welcome to blah FTP service.
    #
    # You may specify a file of disallowed anonymous e-mail addresses. Apparently
    # useful for combatting certain DoS attacks.
    #deny_email_enable=YES
    # (default follows)
    #banned_email_file=/etc/vsftpd.banned_emails
    #
    # You may restrict local users to their home directories. See the FAQ for
    # the possible risks in this before using chroot_local_user or
    # chroot_list_enable below.
    #chroot_local_user=YES
    #
    # You may specify an explicit list of local users to chroot() to their home
    # directory. If chroot_local_user is YES, then this list becomes a list of
    # users to NOT chroot().
    #chroot_list_enable=YES
    # (default follows)
    #chroot_list_file=/etc/vsftpd.chroot_list
    #
    # You may activate the "-R" option to the builtin ls. This is disabled by
    # default to avoid remote users being able to cause excessive I/O on large
    # sites. However, some broken FTP clients such as "ncftp" and "mirror" assume
    # the presence of the "-R" option, so there is a strong case for enabling it.
    #ls_recurse_enable=YES
    #
    #
    # Debian customization
    #
    # Some of vsftpd's settings don't fit the Debian filesystem layout by
    # default. These settings are more Debian-friendly.
    #
    # This option should be the name of a directory which is empty. Also, the
    # directory should not be writable by the ftp user. This directory is used
    # as a secure chroot() jail at times vsftpd does not require filesystem
    # access.
    secure_chroot_dir=/var/run/vsftpd
    #
    # This string is the name of the PAM service vsftpd will use.
    pam_service_name=vsftpd
    #
    # This option specifies the location of the RSA certificate to use for SSL
    # encrypted connections.
    rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/certs/vsftpd.pem


    but if i change to chmod 755 /home/user4 the ftp localhost work but it can't writable

    anyone can help me?
    Hi

    uncomment the following entry in the vsftpd.conf show below

    Code:
    # Uncomment this to enable any form of FTP write command.
    write_enable=YES
    Also you might want to consider adding the following entry

    Code:
    #chroot_local_user=YES
    chroot_local_user=YES
    This locks the user to the set directory.

    restart the vsftpd service


  3. #3
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    i've do that but it still doesn't work
    maybe any other suggest?

  4. #4
    Just Joined! TuxKnight's Avatar
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    Posts
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  5. #5
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    it work thansk very much...

  6. #6
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    1

    Thanks to Markus Merz

    chmod 555 /srv/ftp
    mkdir /srv/ftp/pub
    chown 777 /srv/ftp/pub

    worked out for me (vsftpd 2.3.4, slax 6.1.2).

    Thanks to Markus:


    linuxjournal.com/article/7520#comment-15353 (Paranoid Penguin - Secure Anonymous FTP with vsftpd | Linux Journal)

    500 OOPS: vsftpd: refusing to run with writable anonymous root
    Submitted by Markus Merz (not verified) on Wed, 02/16/2005 - 07:45.

    500 OOPS: vsftpd: refusing to run with writable anonymous root

    This very common error appears when the FTP root directory is writable.

    I found the simple solution in an Oracle manual (oracle.com/technology/tech/linux/vmware/cookbook/stage2b_sles.html HP Communities - Best practices with Oracle and root access)

    To avoid this error:
    500 OOPS: vsftpd: refusing to run with writable anonymous root

    # chmod u-w /srv/ftp
    # mkdir /srv/ftp/pub
    # chown ftp:ftp /srv/ftp/pub

    The first line takes care of the root directory being not writable.
    The second line creates a directory.
    The third line changes the owner to the user and group ftp.

    The ftp root directory MUST NOT be owned by ftp for security reasons (it should be root:root).

    I just had to find out about this solution yesterday 15.2.05 - so I hope it helps somebody else.

    best regards

    Markus

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