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  1. #1

    Kernel Update error 2.4.24 -> 2.4.31

    I installed damn small linux on my hard disk and tried to compile the newest kernel on my own. These are the steps that i have followed. However i get the error you can see when i try to #make bzImage. Any ideas on how to solve it?

    1) Install gcc1.dsl

    2) Install kernelsource.dsl. This will create /usr/src file tree.

    3) Download linux-2.4.31.tar.gz and linux-2.4.31.tar.gz.md5.txt

    4) Check sum: #md5sum -c linux-2.4.31.tar.gz.md5.txt

    5) Install tcltk8.3.dsl in order make xconfig to work.

    6) Download dsl.config

    7) Run #make xconfig and load dsl.config file

    Do the appropriate changes. Save the configuration to a config file for further use. Press save and exit.

    9) Run #make dep clean

    10) Run #make bzImage
    Code Sample

    root@box:/usr/src/linux-2.4.31# make bzImage
    gcc -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -02 -fomit-frame-pointer -o scripts/split-include
    scripts/split-include include/linux/autoconf.h include/config
    gcc -D -I/usr/src/linux-2.4.31/include -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -Wno-trigraphs -O2 -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -fomit-frame-pointer -pipe -mpreferred-stack-boundary=2 -march=i586 -DKBUILD_BASENAME=main -c -o init/main.o init/main.c
    gcc: Internal error: Killed (program cc1)
    Please submit a full bug report.
    See <URL:> for instructions.
    For Debian GNU/Linux specific bug reporting instructions,
    see <URL:file:///usr/share/doc/gcc-3.3/README.Bugs>.

    {standard input}: Assembler messages:
    {standard input}:0: Warning: end of file not at end of line; newline inserted
    make: *** [init/main.o] Error 1
    {standard input}:990: Error: no such instruction: `c'

  2. #2
    The problem occured because i hadn't create a swap space and gcc run out of memory.

    An easy way to create a swap file in /tmp is the following:

    dd if=/dev/zero of=/tmp/swap bs=1024k count=64
    mkswap /tmp/swap
    swapon /tmp/swap

    This creates a 64 MB swap file in the tmp directory. The last command has to be run in every boot.

  3. #3
    Compiling continued but stopped again with this error. Possible solutions?

    make[2]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/lib'
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/lib'
    ld -m elf_i386 -T /usr/src/linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/ -e stext arch/i386/kernel/head.o arch/i386/kernel/init_task.o init/main.o init/version.o init/do_mounts.o \
    --start-group \
    arch/i386/kernel/kernel.o arch/i386/mm/mm.o kernel/kernel.o mm/mm.o fs/fs.o ipc/ipc.o \
    drivers/acpi/acpi.o drivers/char/char.o drivers/block/block.o drivers/misc/misc.o drivers/net/net.o drivers/char/drm/drm.o drivers/net/fc/fc.o drivers/net/tokenring/tr.o drivers/ide/idedriver.o drivers/scsi/scsidrv.o drivers/cdrom/driver.o drivers/pci/driver.o drivers/video/video.o drivers/media/media.o drivers/md/mddev.o crypto/crypto.o \
    net/network.o \
    /usr/src/linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/lib/lib.a /usr/src/linux-2.4.31/lib/lib.a /usr/src/linux-2.4.31/arch/i386/lib/lib.a \
    --end-group \
    -o vmlinux
    arch/i386/kernel/head.o(.text+0x18d): In function `is386':
    : undefined reference to `start_kernel'
    init/do_mounts.o(.text+0xd2): In function `do_linuxrc':
    : undefined reference to `envp_init'
    arch/i386/kernel/kernel.o(.text.init+0x1c69): In function `check_cx686_slop':
    : undefined reference to `calibrate_delay'
    arch/i386/kernel/kernel.o(.text.init+0x1c73): In function `check_cx686_slop':
    : undefined reference to `loops_per_jiffy'
    arch/i386/kernel/kernel.o(.text.init+0x2a22): In function `identify_cpu':
    : undefined reference to `loops_per_jiffy'
    kernel/kernel.o(.text+0x10b6): In function `reparent_to_init':
    : undefined reference to `child_reaper'
    kernel/kernel.o(.text+0x10c1): In function `reparent_to_init':
    : undefined reference to `child_reaper'
    kernel/kernel.o(.text+0x573b): In function `exit_notify':
    : undefined reference to `child_reaper'
    kernel/kernel.o(.text.init+0x3a): In function `init_idle':
    : undefined reference to `wait_init_idle'
    kernel/kernel.o(__ksymtab+0xbd: undefined reference to `loops_per_jiffy'
    make: *** [vmlinux] Error 1

  4. $spacer_open

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