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  1. #1

    Calculating Hard Disk Size

    I have a Seagate 320GB SATA-300 internal hard drive, model TSD-320AS. The logical geometry of the hard drive is 16,383 cylinders, 16 heads and 63 sectors per track.

    To my knowledge,

    Capacity = Number of cylinders number of heads sectors/track 512 = hard disk size (bytes)

    For my specific hard disk my calculations are:

    16,383 * 16 * 63 * 512 = 8455200768 bytes (not close to being right)

    Does anybody know where I'm going wrong here?

  2. #2
    Join Date
    May 2004
    arch linux
    Welcome to the forums!

    Here's a media size calculator you can use if that helps:

    Media Size Calculator

  3. #3
    Thanks for the welcome and the media calculator!

    I noticed this on the media calculator page:

    WD Caviar AC28400 Drive H=16, C=16383, S=63, B=512, Size=8.4GB

    The 8.4GB WD Caviar has the exact same cylinders, as my 320GB Seagate. I guess my cylinder values are wrong...

    MaxtorDiamondMax D540 Drive H=16, C=317632, S=63, B=512, Size=160GB

    The 160GB Maxtor is exactly half of my 320GB Seagate. The 160GB Maxtor's cylinders are 317632.

    317632 * 2 should give me my Seagate's cylinders, correct?

  4. $spacer_open
  5. #4
    Join Date
    May 2004
    arch linux
    I looked up the specs on your drive and it appears that you are correct about them in your first post.

  6. #5
    Thanks ozar, I've been searching google too for my drive's specs and all I find is 16,383 cylinders. That would make my 320GB capacity ~8.4GB...according to these calculations 16,383 * 16 * 63 * 512 = 8 455 200 768 bytes. I'm really scratching my head here.

  7. #6

    Same Problem

    Same problem for me also..

    same values for head,sectors and cylinders

    but actual capacity of my hard disk is 1tb

  8. #7
    Linux Guru Segfault's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    The unit is TB, not tb. Metric system is case sensitive. See here. Also binary unit is TiB.
    Anyhow, the sector size is probably incorrect. New drives come with 4096 sector size, while they tend to lie the size is 512, I think it is for compatibility reasons. See an example output below.

    Disk /dev/sde: 1.8 TiB, 2000398934016 bytes, 3907029168 sectors
    Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
    Disklabel type: gpt
    Disk identifier: E8BFDCAD-42B4-B34F-BA99-19CC02F4A253

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