How to run and get output from an executable file in shall scripting??
I have a small application (software), i am not sure exact type of it but it's executable and i can run it like this;
when its running, i can view/add/update/delete products by passing integer keys/values (1,2,3,4) respectively.
Now i want to make a shall script inside which i can run the above application, pass an integer to view the products and save the result into a txt file. I tried the following but it's not working.
Anybody have an idea how to achieve this?
Thanks and regards,
Make the script executable, then pass it values
You have to do a few things:
1. Make the script executable.
To do this, run the command:
chmod +x nameOfScript
2. Either set the value you want in the script, perhaps setting one default value, then pass in other values, either required, or optional, through command arguments.
where $1 contains the contents of the information you want to pass to your application. You can test for whether or not a value is passed to the application, and if not, use a default value instead. I'll leave that up to you to learn.
The man command for bash has quite a bit of information. For example:
If arguments remain after option processing, and neither the -c nor the -s option has been supplied, the first argument is assumed to be the name of a file containing shell commands. If bash is invoked in this fashion, $0 is set to the name of the file, and the positional parameters are set to the remaining arguments. Bash reads and executes commands from this file, then exits. Bash's exit status is the exit status of the last command executed in the script. If no commands are executed, the exit status is 0. An attempt is first made to open the file in the current directory, and, if no file is found, then the shell searches the directories in PATH for the script.
A positional parameter is a parameter denoted by one or more digits, other than the single digit 0. Positional parameters are assigned from the shell's arguments when it is invoked, and may be reassigned using the set builtin command. Positional parameters may not be assigned to with assignment statements. The positional parameters are temporarily replaced when a shell function is executed (see FUNCTIONS below).
When a positional parameter consisting of more than a single digit is expanded, it must be enclosed in braces (see EXPANSION below).
The shell treats several parameters specially. These parameters may only be referenced; assignment to them is not allowed.
* Expands to the positional parameters, starting from one. When the expansion occurs within double quotes, it expands to a single word with the value of each parameter separated by the first character of the IFS special variable. That is, "$*" is equivalent to "$1c$2c...", where c is the first character of the value of the IFS variable. If IFS is unset, the parameters are separated by spaces. If IFS is null, the parameters are joined without intervening separators.
@ Expands to the positional parameters, starting from one. When the expansion occurs within double quotes, each parameter expands to a separate word. That is, "$@" is equivalent to "$1" "$2" ... If the double-quoted expansion occurs within a word, the expansion of the first parameter is joined with the beginning part of the original word, and the expansion of the last parameter is joined with the last part of the original word. When there are no positional parameters, "$@" and $@ expand to nothing (i.e., they are removed).
# Expands to the number of positional parameters in decimal.
? Expands to the exit status of the most recently executed foreground pipeline.
- Expands to the current option flags as specified upon invocation, by the set builtin command, or those set by the shell itself (such as the -i option).
$ Expands to the process ID of the shell. In a () subshell, it expands to the process ID of the current shell, not the subshell.
! Expands to the process ID of the most recently executed background (asynchronous) command.
0 Expands to the name of the shell or shell script. This is set at shell initialization. If bash is invoked with a file of commands, $0 is set to the name of that file. If bash is started with the -c option, then $0 is set to the first argument after the string to be executed, if one is present. Otherwise, it is set to the file name used to invoke bash, as given by argument zero.
_ At shell startup, set to the absolute pathname used to invoke the shell or shell script being executed as passed in the environment or argument list. Subsequently, expands to the last argument to the previous command, after expansion. Also set to the full pathname used to invoke each command executed and placed in the environment exported to that command. When checking mail, this parameter holds the name of the mail file currently being checked.