I am running a CentOS server with Apache, PHP, ect. The name of the server is mycompany.com (hosts our company website). I am trying to use sendmail to send myself an email (me at mycompany dot com) and it comes back with a 550 5.1.1 ... User Unknown.
I believe it thinks that my email address is a local user on the server and it fails. How would I set up correct routing to have it send me an email to my exchange server?
how are you using the sendmail command ? And do you have a mail server ? are you using it to send mail ?
The program "sendmail" is a mailserver (older than Exchange) and not a mail transport program.
Please send files over
Please send the following files:
I would like to see how you have it configured, be sure to remove the ip address information for security purposes.
In addition, there are other files under /etc/mail
Please send all of those files as well, need to see if you have made any changes.
One thing to note, the person asked a question, how did you send the email, for example:
echo testing | mail -s 'This is just a test' email@example.com
A Mail Transport Agent (MTA) is exactly what sendmail is, primarily. It also provides the command line transmission features of a Mail User Agent (MUA).
Originally Posted by alf55
Since the OP's server name is mycompany.com, then yes, it would absolutely regard any @mycompany.com address as local by default. Various ways to solve, depending on whether _any_ mail needs to be delivered locally on the server or not.
I use: mail -v firstname.lastname@example.org
I am able to send to gmail or hotmail just fine. I don't need to set it up to accept mail, simply to send. Any helpful hints would be great!
Here is my sendmail.mc file:
dnl # This is the sendmail macro config file for m4. If you make changes to
dnl # /etc/mail/sendmail.mc, you will need to regenerate the
dnl # /etc/mail/sendmail.cf file by confirming that the sendmail-cf package is
dnl # installed and then performing a
dnl # make -C /etc/mail
VERSIONID(`setup for linux')dnl
dnl # Do not advertize sendmail version.
dnl define(`confSMTP_LOGIN_MSG', `$j Sendmail; $b')dnl
dnl # default logging level is 9, you might want to set it higher to
dnl # debug the configuration
dnl define(`confLOG_LEVEL', `9')dnl
dnl # Uncomment and edit the following line if your outgoing mail needs to
dnl # be sent out through an external mail server:
dnl define(`SMART_HOST', `smtp.your.provider')dnl
dnl # The following allows relaying if the user authenticates, and disallows
dnl # plaintext authentication (PLAIN/LOGIN) on non-TLS links
dnl define(`confAUTH_OPTIONS', `A p')dnl
dnl # PLAIN is the preferred plaintext authentication method and used by
dnl # Mozilla Mail and Evolution, though Outlook Express and other MUAs do
dnl # use LOGIN. Other mechanisms should be used if the connection is not
dnl # guaranteed secure.
dnl # Please remember that saslauthd needs to be running for AUTH.
dnl TRUST_AUTH_MECH(`EXTERNAL DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN')dnl
dnl define(`confAUTH_MECHANISMS', `EXTERNAL GSSAPI DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN')dnl
dnl # Rudimentary information on creating certificates for sendmail TLS:
dnl # cd /etc/pki/tls/certs; make sendmail.pem
dnl # Complete usage:
dnl # make -C /etc/pki/tls/certs usage
dnl define(`confCACERT_PATH', `/etc/pki/tls/certs')dnl
dnl define(`confCACERT', `/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt')dnl
dnl define(`confSERVER_CERT', `/etc/pki/tls/certs/sendmail.pem')dnl
dnl define(`confSERVER_KEY', `/etc/pki/tls/certs/sendmail.pem')dnl
dnl # This allows sendmail to use a keyfile that is shared with OpenLDAP's
dnl # slapd, which requires the file to be readble by group ldap
dnl define(`confDONT_BLAME_SENDMAIL', `groupreadablekeyfile')dnl
dnl define(`confTO_QUEUEWARN', `4h')dnl
dnl define(`confTO_QUEUERETURN', `5d')dnl
dnl define(`confQUEUE_LA', `12')dnl
dnl define(`confREFUSE_LA', `18')dnl
FEATURE(`mailertable', `hash -o /etc/mail/mailertable.db')dnl
FEATURE(`virtusertable', `hash -o /etc/mail/virtusertable.db')dnl
dnl # The following limits the number of processes sendmail can fork to accept
dnl # incoming messages or process its message queues to 20.) sendmail refuses
dnl # to accept connections once it has reached its quota of child processes.
dnl define(`confMAX_DAEMON_CHILDREN', `20')dnl
dnl # Limits the number of new connections per second. This caps the overhead
dnl # incurred due to forking new sendmail processes. May be useful against
dnl # DoS attacks or barrages of spam. (As mentioned below, a per-IP address
dnl # limit would be useful but is not available as an option at this writing.)
dnl define(`confCONNECTION_RATE_THROTTLE', `3')dnl
dnl # The -t option will retry delivery if e.g. the user runs over his quota.
FEATURE(local_procmail, `', `procmail -t -Y -a $h -d $u')dnl
FEATURE(`access_db', `hash -T<TMPF> -o /etc/mail/access.db')dnl
dnl # For using Cyrus-IMAPd as POP3/IMAP server through LMTP delivery uncomment
dnl # the following 2 definitions and activate below in the MAILER section the
dnl # cyrusv2 mailer.
dnl define(`confLOCAL_MAILER', `cyrusv2')dnl
dnl define(`CYRUSV2_MAILER_ARGS', `FILE /var/lib/imap/socket/lmtp')dnl
dnl # The following causes sendmail to only listen on the IPv4 loopback address
dnl # 127.0.0.1 and not on any other network devices. Remove the loopback
dnl # address restriction to accept email from the internet or intranet.
dnl # The following causes sendmail to additionally listen to port 587 for
dnl # mail from MUAs that authenticate. Roaming users who can't reach their
dnl # preferred sendmail daemon due to port 25 being blocked or redirected find
dnl # this useful.
dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=submission, Name=MSA, M=Ea')dnl
dnl # The following causes sendmail to additionally listen to port 465, but
dnl # starting immediately in TLS mode upon connecting. Port 25 or 587 followed
dnl # by STARTTLS is preferred, but roaming clients using Outlook Express can't
dnl # do STARTTLS on ports other than 25. Mozilla Mail can ONLY use STARTTLS
dnl # and doesn't support the deprecated smtps; Evolution <1.1.1 uses smtps
dnl # when SSL is enabled-- STARTTLS support is available in version 1.1.1.
dnl # For this to work your OpenSSL certificates must be configured.
dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=smtps, Name=TLSMTA, M=s')dnl
dnl # The following causes sendmail to additionally listen on the IPv6 loopback
dnl # device. Remove the loopback address restriction listen to the network.
dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`port=smtp,Addr=::1, Name=MTA-v6, Family=inet6')dnl
dnl # enable both ipv6 and ipv4 in sendmail:
dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Name=MTA-v4, Family=inet, Name=MTA-v6, Family=inet6')
dnl # We strongly recommend not accepting unresolvable domains if you want to
dnl # protect yourself from spam. However, the laptop and users on computers
dnl # that do not have 24x7 DNS do need this.
dnl # Also accept email sent to "localhost.localdomain" as local email.
dnl # The following example makes mail from this host and any additional
dnl # specified domains appear to be sent from mydomain.com
dnl # masquerade not just the headers, but the envelope as well
dnl # masquerade not just @mydomainalias.com, but @*.mydomainalias.com as well
I haven't edited this file in any way, shape, or form (obviously).
Based on what you've said, I think that what's happening is that because the server's name is mycompany.com, mail for email@example.com gets the domain stripped when running through the rewrite rules and thus local delivery is attempted. Should be able to solve with an entry in /etc/mail/mailertable (since that's enabled):
The white space should be a tab. Obviously, your exchange server's name goes in the square brackets. I think it can also be the IP.
Restarting sendmail will rebuild the map, or you can
cd /etc/mail;makemap hash mailertable < mailertable
Note that if any mail does get sent to, say, firstname.lastname@example.org on the server, it will attempt to relay it via exchange.
Thank you for your help. I tried to edit the mailertable using bothmy exchange server name and the IP address and I'm still getting the same error:
----- The following addresses had permanent fatal errors -----
(reason: 550 5.1.1 <email@example.com>... User unknown)
(expanded from: firstname.lastname@example.org)
----- Transcript of session follows -----
... while talking to [127.0.0.1]:
<<< 550 5.1.1 <email@example.com>... User unknown
550 5.1.1 firstname.lastname@example.org... User unknown
<<< 503 5.0.0 Need RCPT (recipient)
Unfortunately it still is trying to send it to a local account on the server. Any other suggestions?
Check to make sure the mailertable.db map got rebuilt from the text file you edited. If you restarted sendmail or did the makemap command (from /etc/mail), that should have happened, but check the date stamp.
I believe your problem is stemming from the server having the hostname myserver.com, which I've never done. When the domain name just has a DNS record pointing to the server, the mailertable entry will take care of it, but that may not be the case with the server thinking that's its own actual name. I've always given the server a unique name and just put in a DNS entry pointing to it to handle the URL. Is it possible for you to do that?
That did the trick! I had thought about changing my hostname earlier, but I wanted to see if I could figure out the routing rules. Guess I should have taken the easy way out earlier.