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  1. #1

    Init scripts in /etc/init.d

    Hi All,

    I have written an init script and placed it in /etc/init.d/ directory.

    What I would like to know is, will the script run automatically or
    we need to install the script using "install_initd" command.

    If I have to invoke this command manullay, what will be the best place to do this ? Can I add this to "/etc/init.d/rcS" file.

    Thanks in advance,

  2. #2
    This is distro dependant. But simply placing the script in the init.d directory do nothing. You can use the 'service' command to start/stop the service.
    e.g. # service xxxx command

    If you put some ad-hoc comment in your script, you can use chkconfig to automaticaly link start and stop to various run-level
    e.g. # chkconfig --level 345 xxxxx on

    You should have this in your script :
    # chkconfig: 345 40 60

    345 = runlevels ; 40 and 60 are the order for start and stop

    This work on red-hat/centos/mandriva. Don't know for other.
    Take a look at :
    # man chkconfig

  3. #3
    Linux Newbie nplusplus's Avatar
    Join Date
    Apr 2010
    Charlotte, NC, USA
    Debian-based distros have similar functionality to Redhat-based distros, but the commands are different. Regardless, on most distros, you should be able to type something like
    man -k init
    to begin to find information on what you are looking for.

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  5. #4
    In Ubuntu one might just use System/Preferences/Startup Applications.
    It's good for configuration scripts despite its GUI looks.

  6. #5
    /etc/init.d is the place to put startup and shut down scripts.
    When linux starts up it goes thrpugh init stages. The startup 'commands' are stored in the /etc/rc (*).d directories. Check out the files already there.
    The ones starting with 'K' are kill commands an the ones starting with 'S' are start commands.
    /etc/rc2.d is probably where you should create a file S090mytask
    /etc/init.d allows you to have only one copy of a task and be able to start it from any state.

  7. #6
    If you look in, say rc3.d, you'll probably find the files in there are either symlinks to init.d or hard links to the init.d files. You just need equivalent K and S links to your script in the relevant rcN.d directories.

  8. #7
    The various bits of advice so far will show you how to get the script executed but a word of warning - unless you are absolutely certain about your script NEVER place at a run level below or equal to your system default level i.e. if you currently boot to level 2 by default DO NOT try your script out at level 1 or 2 - you may find you never get a prompt ! With a deault level of 2, place the script at level 3 and once you have a root shell type "init 3".

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