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  1. #1
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Jul 2003

    a problem about linux module

    How to open a file in a linux module?

    a simple test:
    extern long sys_open(const char *filename,int flags,int mode);
    extern int sys_close(unsigned int fd);
    int fd;
    int init_module(void)
      printk&#40;"<1>fd is&#58;%d\n",fd&#41;;
      return 0;
    void cleanup_module&#40;void&#41;
      printk&#40;"<1>Removed OK!\n"&#41;;
    insmod test.o
    But the output is:
    fd is:-14
    that is to say,the module open file error,and the errno is 14(EFAULT)
    (bad address),that is why?
    Could I use the system call in a module?

  2. #2
    Linux Guru
    Join Date
    Oct 2001
    Täby, Sweden
    God! How can you even consider using a syscall in a module?! Those are only user-space interfaces, and they also operate on user-space addresses, which is why you get EFAULT; you are passing an address that is valid in the kernel's addressing space, but that probably isn't even mapped in the user-space process' space.
    The kernel doesn't use file descriptors!

    Why do you want to open /dev/kmem for? Just access the memory directly instead.
    You shouldn't even be opening files at all in the kernel. Why do you want to do that?

    Forgive me my harsh language, I'm just a bit shocked.

  3. #3
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Jul 2003
    You are right !
    It is should access the kernel memory directly in the module
    Thank you very much for helping me!!

  4. $spacer_open
  5. #4
    It is something tricky to access RAM by physical addresses, not just kernel virtual memory. Implementation of /dev/mem and /dev/kmem fail to do it (the latter even fails to access highmem zone).

    If you want access to any memory (not just mapped in kernelspace) you can try something like that:
    struct page *p = mem_map+((phys_addr)>>PAGE_SHIFT);
    char * vaddr = kmap(p);
    kunmap (p);

    It has an implication that your computer has only one pgdat, but it is the case for many platforms (at least IA32).

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