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Hello, I have installed gpg (GNU privacy guard) Now I have done this in root and therefore it was installed in the folder /usr/bin/gpg Now my other non-root user accounts ...
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  1. #1
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    running binaries as user


    Hello,

    I have installed gpg (GNU privacy guard)
    Now I have done this in root and therefore it was installed in the folder
    /usr/bin/gpg

    Now my other non-root user accounts have all functionality except main ones (ls, mkdir etc...) disabled. I require more functionality on this websever, especially to enable the use of the binary gpg

    How do I enable these commands for that specific user?
    I have tried to figure this out for so long, please help!!!!


    THanks!!
    Ron

  2. #2
    Trusted Penguin Irithori's Avatar
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    Munich
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    I dont understand completely.
    Are you saying:
    After the gpg installation, there are now two problems?
    1) gpg is only root accessible
    2) other commands in /usr/bin are also only root accesible?

    If so, please tell *exactly*, how you installed gpg.
    Especially, if you used any chown or chmod commands..

    Usually one would install gpg via package manager, and such problems do not arise.
    You must always face the curtain with a bow.

  3. #3
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    Hi Irithori,

    Thanks for the reply!
    yes, I am saying both 1) and 2). I installed gpg through root, and it is only root accessable. In fact the only folder that is accessable through the other account is:
    /var/www/vhosts/mydomain.com/
    See, it is a linux that is working with plesk on a VPS webhost. I don't know if that helps.

    I installed the software through unzipping the files:
    [root@base-s1 encryption]# tar -xzf gnupg-1.4.10.tar.gz

    Then, ./configure
    make
    and make install.

    Then i have gpg in the directory /usr/bin, and can access that through root but not through the other account!!!

    I would like to make the binaries through /usr/bin available to other users other then root.

    thank you!
    Ron

  4. #4
    Trusted Penguin Irithori's Avatar
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    Did you run any of these commands?
    "chmod"
    and/or
    "chown"

    I fear you did...
    You must always face the curtain with a bow.

  5. #5
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    hi,

    I did not run "chmod" or "chown", because the changes are irreversible right? I was considering looking at the permission of the command "ls" for instance and chmodding only the /usr/bin/gpg file with that permission. Would that work?

    Ron

  6. #6
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    (By irreversible I mean I would loose the settings that were before and not have record of what they were)

  7. #7
    Trusted Penguin Irithori's Avatar
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    They are not irreversible, but probably a lot of work to set right again.

    can you please run
    Code:
    ls -lad /usr/bin
    and
    Code:
    ls -la /usr/bin
    and post the output in code tags?
    like this
    Code:
    output
    You must always face the curtain with a bow.

  8. #8
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    Code:
    [root@base-s1 ~]# ls -lad /usr/bin
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 24576 Jun 17 12:30 /usr/bin
    [root@base-s1 ~]# ls -la /usr/bin
    total 90292
    drwxr-xr-x  2 root root      24576 Jun 17 12:30 .
    drwxr-xr-x 14 root root       4096 Jun 11 15:35 ..
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      28848 Mar 23 10:24 [
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     103352 Mar 23 10:18 a2p
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      47504 Mar 27 13:56 ab
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23408 Mar 23 10:20 addftinfo
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      82024 Mar 23 10:21 addr2line
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1786 Mar 23 10:27 apropos
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      48416 Mar 23 10:21 ar
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     350392 Mar 23 10:21 as
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     181960 Mar 23 10:24 aspell
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2044 Mar 23 10:24 aspell-import
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root       3909 Jan 14  2008 asp-perl
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9739 Mar 23 10:18 audit2allow
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         13 Mar 23 10:19 authconfig -> consolehelper
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         13 Mar 23 10:19 authconfig-tui -> consolehelper
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         14 Mar 23 10:24 awk -> ../../bin/gawk
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23784 Mar 23 10:24 base64
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6969 Mar 23 10:25 bashbug-64
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root      62344 Sep 19  2009 berkeley_db_svc
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13144 Mar 23 10:27 bmp2tiff
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          5 Mar 23 10:18 bunzip2 -> bzip2
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          5 Mar 23 10:18 bzcat -> bzip2
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          6 Mar 23 10:18 bzcmp -> bzdiff
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2128 Mar 23 10:18 bzdiff
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1677 Mar 23 10:18 bzgrep
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      31896 Mar 23 10:18 bzip2
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      10792 Mar 23 10:18 bzip2recover
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          6 Mar 23 10:18 bzless -> bzmore
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1259 Mar 23 10:18 bzmore
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root      36601 Sep  3  2009 c2ph
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        224 Mar 31 12:06 c89
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        215 Mar 31 12:06 c99
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15712 Mar 23 10:22 cal
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          3 Mar 23 10:19 captoinfo -> tic
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       3368 Jun  7 22:16 catchsegv
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          3 Jun 17 12:30 cc -> gcc
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      78008 Mar 23 10:21 c++filt
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19437 May 21  2007 cgi-fcgi
    -rwsr-xr-x  1 root root      47024 Mar 23 10:20 chage
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9600 Mar 23 10:19 chattr
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13223 Mar 23 10:18 chcat
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20272 Mar 23 10:24 chcon
    -rws--x--x  1 root root      19672 Mar 23 10:22 chfn
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9712 Mar 23 10:22 chrt
    -rws--x--x  1 root root      16184 Mar 23 10:22 chsh
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      25448 Mar 23 10:19 cjpeg
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20096 Mar 23 10:24 cksum
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       4848 Mar 23 10:21 clear
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19144 Mar 23 10:18 cmp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      10824 Mar 23 10:22 col
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       7624 Mar 23 10:22 colcrt
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5408 Mar 23 10:22 colrm
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      10936 Mar 23 10:22 column
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20576 Mar 23 10:24 comm
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20240 Mar 23 10:27 compress
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        996 Mar 23 10:21 compress-dummy
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5224 Mar 23 10:24 consolehelper
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      62464 Dec 29 19:10 couriertls
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       3840 Mar 23 10:18 cpan
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     218432 Mar 31 12:07 cpp
    -rwsr-sr-x  1 root root     311352 Mar 23 10:22 crontab
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      98568 Mar 23 10:24 csplit
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      60584 Mar 23 10:20 curl
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         13 Mar 23 10:24 cut -> ../../bin/cut
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root       7952 Sep 19  2009 db_archive
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root       9840 Sep 19  2009 db_checkpoint
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root       9112 Sep 19  2009 db_deadlock
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root      11944 Sep 19  2009 db_dump
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root      60424 Sep 19  2009 db_dump185
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       4626 Mar 11  2009 dbiprof
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5402 Mar 11  2009 dbiproxy
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root      21528 Sep 19  2009 db_load
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root      51080 Sep 19  2009 db_printlog
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root       8992 Sep 19  2009 db_recover
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root      11176 Sep 19  2009 db_stat
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root       8336 Sep 19  2009 db_upgrade
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root       8752 Sep 19  2009 db_verify
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      21896 Jan  6  2007 dc_client
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15344 Jan  6  2007 dc_server
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13592 Jan  6  2007 dc_snoop
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15248 Jan  6  2007 dc_test
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      10120 Mar 23 10:22 ddate
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13362 Mar 23 10:18 ddcmon
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      46606 Mar 23 10:18 decode-dimms.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6141 Mar 23 10:18 decode-edid.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       7396 Mar 23 10:18 decode-vaio.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6366 Mar 23 10:18 decode-xeon.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      26248 Dec 29 19:10 deliverquota
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      77096 Mar 23 10:18 diff
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23288 Mar 23 10:18 diff3
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      86016 Mar 23 10:25 dig
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      86040 Mar 23 10:24 dir
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      28584 Mar 23 10:24 dircolors
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      18008 Mar 23 10:24 dirname
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23160 Mar 23 10:19 djpeg
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      24077 Mar 23 10:18 dprofpp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      62304 Mar 23 10:24 du
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      38073 Mar 23 10:18 enc2xs
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      17456 Mar 23 10:25 encode_keychange
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         13 Mar 23 10:24 env -> ../../bin/env
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     143584 Mar 23 10:20 eqn
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2224 Mar 23 10:20 eqn2graph
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       3876 Jan  7 11:46 erb
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      12936 Mar 23 10:21 eu-addr2line
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      31856 Mar 23 10:21 eu-ar
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      26528 Mar 23 10:21 eu-elfcmp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      90336 Mar 23 10:21 eu-elflint
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13824 Mar 23 10:21 eu-findtextrel
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2919 Mar 23 10:21 eu-make-debug-archive
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      35168 Mar 23 10:21 eu-nm
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      26688 Mar 23 10:21 eu-objdump
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15208 Mar 23 10:21 eu-ranlib
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     115152 Mar 23 10:21 eu-readelf
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15472 Mar 23 10:21 eu-size
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15400 Mar 23 10:21 eu-strings
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      42784 Mar 23 10:21 eu-strip
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      44152 Mar 23 10:21 eu-unstrip
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     770632 Mar 23 10:22 eventlogadm
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          3 Mar 23 10:20 ex -> vim
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      21432 Mar 23 10:24 expand
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      93472 Mar 23 10:24 expr
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      21432 Mar 23 10:24 factor
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11192 Mar 23 10:20 faillog
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15280 Mar 23 10:27 fax2ps
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13760 Mar 23 10:27 fax2tiff
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      12864 Jan 12  2008 fc-cache
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11000 Jan 12  2008 fc-cat
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       7632 Jan 12  2008 fc-list
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       7984 Jan 12  2008 fc-match
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       7712 Mar 23 10:22 fdformat
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     259704 Mar 23 10:24 fetchmail
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13336 Mar 23 10:27 file
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     155256 Mar 23 10:27 find
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      24106 Mar 23 10:18 find2perl
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       4603 Mar 23 10:22 findsmb
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      24160 Mar 23 10:19 finger
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9968 Mar 23 10:24 fipscheck
    -rw-r--r--  1 root root         65 Mar 23 10:24 .fipscheck.hmac
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9136 Mar 23 10:24 fipshmac
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15523 Mar 23 10:25 fixproc
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9352 Mar 23 10:22 flock
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23416 Mar 23 10:22 floppy
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      24576 Mar 23 10:24 fmt
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23776 Mar 23 10:24 fold
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      35800 Mar 23 10:27 formail
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root       8152 Mar 23 10:25 free
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      81688 Mar 23 10:22 ftp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      12672 Dec 29 19:19 ftpcount
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      36208 Dec 29 19:19 ftpdctl
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8192 Dec 29 19:19 ftptop
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      16880 Dec 29 19:19 ftpwho
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20776 Mar 23 10:20 funzip
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         14 Mar 23 10:24 gawk -> ../../bin/gawk
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root     216056 Mar 31 12:07 gcc
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      28528 Mar 31 12:07 gcov
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      22968 Jun  7 22:55 gencat
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        586 Mar 23 10:19 gendiff
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          3 Mar 23 10:20 geqn -> eqn
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      14673 Jan  8  2007 GET
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      22720 Jun  7 22:55 getconf
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23568 Jun  7 22:55 getent
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      12120 Mar 23 10:22 getopt
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15208 Mar 23 10:27 gif2tiff
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          7 Mar 23 10:20 gindxbib -> indxbib
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          7 Mar 23 10:20 glookbib -> lookbib
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          4 Mar 23 10:25 gmake -> make
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          4 Mar 23 10:20 gneqn -> neqn
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          5 Mar 23 10:20 gnroff -> nroff
    -rwsr-xr-x  1 root root      47856 Mar 23 10:20 gpasswd
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     924152 Mar 23 10:26 gpg
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      16896 Mar 23 10:18 gpg-error
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      43240 Mar 23 10:26 gpgsplit
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     334344 Mar 23 10:26 gpgv
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       3374 Mar 23 10:26 gpg-zip
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          3 Mar 23 10:20 gpic -> pic
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      36744 Mar 23 10:26 gpm-root
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     144656 Mar 23 10:21 gprof
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          5 Mar 23 10:20 grefer -> refer
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      66448 Mar 23 10:20 grn
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      85408 Mar 23 10:20 grodvi
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      68192 Mar 23 10:20 groff
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     114971 Mar 23 10:20 groffer
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      93312 Mar 23 10:20 grolbp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      81312 Mar 23 10:20 grolj4
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     123168 Mar 23 10:20 grops
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      77248 Mar 23 10:20 grotty
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1931 Mar 23 10:24 groups
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          6 Mar 23 10:20 gsoelim -> soelim
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          3 Mar 23 10:20 gtbl -> tbl
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          5 Mar 23 10:20 gtroff -> troff
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         16 Mar 23 10:24 gunzip -> ../../bin/gunzip
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       4542 Mar 23 10:24 gzexe
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         14 Mar 23 10:24 gzip -> ../../bin/gzip
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      27624 Mar 23 10:18 h2ph
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      60035 Mar 23 10:18 h2xs
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         13 Mar 23 10:24 halt -> consolehelper
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      27952 Mar 23 10:24 head
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      14673 Jan  8  2007 HEAD
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20560 Mar 23 10:22 hexdump
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13592 Mar 23 10:26 hltest
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      73984 Mar 23 10:25 host
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      17016 Mar 23 10:24 hostid
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         23 Mar 23 10:20 hoststat -> ../../usr/sbin/sendmail
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      21528 Mar 23 10:20 hpftodit
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15544 Mar 27 13:56 htdbm
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11208 Mar 27 13:56 htdigest
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13640 Mar 27 13:56 htpasswd
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      56096 Jun  7 22:55 iconv
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      21584 Mar 23 10:24 id
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20152 Mar 23 10:17 idn
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1358560 Dec 29 19:10 imapd
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      28536 Mar 23 10:20 indxbib
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     156352 Mar 23 10:19 info
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      49608 Mar 23 10:21 infocmp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      25192 Mar 23 10:19 infokey
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          3 Mar 23 10:19 infotocap -> tic
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9848 Feb 28 18:51 innochecksum
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      74064 Mar 23 10:24 install
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       4253 Mar 23 10:18 instmodsh
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5944 Mar 23 10:22 ionice
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       3724 Jan  8  2007 ipcount
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8824 Mar 23 10:22 ipcrm
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19368 Mar 23 10:22 ipcs
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6681 Mar 23 10:25 ipf-mod.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        982 Jan  8  2007 iptab
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        350 Jan  7 11:46 irb
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       7008 Mar 23 10:22 isosize
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        988 Mar 23 10:24 ispell
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      31968 Mar 23 10:24 join
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      22280 Mar 23 10:19 jpegtran
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      64992 Mar 23 10:20 jwhois
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         14 Mar 23 10:22 kill -> ../../bin/kill
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19864 Mar 23 10:17 killall
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15504 Mar 23 10:20 last
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          4 Mar 23 10:20 lastb -> last
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8240 Mar 23 10:20 lastlog
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23888 Mar 23 10:26 lchfn
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20000 Mar 23 10:26 lchsh
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     486264 Mar 23 10:21 ld
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5646 Jun  7 22:17 ldd
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     136312 Mar 23 10:25 less
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       7328 Mar 23 10:25 lessecho
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      16184 Mar 23 10:25 lesskey
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1304 Mar 23 10:25 lesspipe.sh
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15724 Mar 23 10:18 libnetcfg
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      37152 Mar 23 10:20 lkbib
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      38560 Jun  7 22:55 locale
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     301976 Jun  7 22:55 localedef
    -rwx--s--x  1 root slocate   24000 Sep  3  2009 locate
    -rwxr-sr-x  1 root mail      15760 Mar 29  2007 lockfile
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         16 Mar 23 10:22 logger -> ../../bin/logger
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      17112 Mar 23 10:24 logname
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11176 Mar 27 13:56 logresolve
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8200 Mar 23 10:22 look
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      36968 Mar 23 10:20 lookbib
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8328 Mar 23 10:19 lsattr
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1081 Mar 23 10:26 lspgpot
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8527 Jan  8  2007 lwp-download
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2495 Jan  8  2007 lwp-mirror
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      14673 Jan  8  2007 lwp-request
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15123 Jan  8  2007 lwp-rget
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1300440 Mar 23 10:24 lynx
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     135320 Mar 23 10:23 m4
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         14 Mar 23 10:20 Mail -> ../../bin/mail
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      22296 Dec 29 19:10 maildiracl
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      35400 Dec 29 19:10 maildirkw
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      29616 Dec 29 19:10 maildirmake
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2176 Mar 23 10:21 mail-files
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         27 Dec  1  2009 mailq -> /etc/alternatives/mta-mailq
    lrwxr-xr-x  1 root root         31 Apr 22 15:20 mailq.postfix -> ../../usr/sbin/sendmail.postfix
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         23 Mar 23 10:20 mailq.sendmail -> ../../usr/sbin/sendmail
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2678 Mar 23 10:21 mailshar
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5859 Mar 23 10:27 mailstat
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     162304 Mar 23 10:25 make
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         22 Mar 23 10:20 makemap -> ../../usr/sbin/makemap
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      49224 Mar 23 10:27 man
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      52584 Mar 23 10:27 man2html
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          3 Mar 23 10:27 manpath -> man
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9960 Mar 23 10:22 mcookie
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      26152 Mar 23 10:24 md5sum
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6672 Mar 23 10:20 mesg
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      14000 Mar 23 10:26 mev
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8520 Mar 23 10:25 mib2c-update
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19592 Mar 23 10:24 mkfifo
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        205 Mar 23 10:20 mksmbpasswd.sh
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      85984 Mar 23 10:26 mouse-test
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1271 Jan 21  2009 mp2bug
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1412 Feb 28 18:50 msql2mysql
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1653528 Feb 28 18:51 myisamchk
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1538240 Feb 28 18:51 myisam_ftdump
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1545496 Feb 28 18:51 myisamlog
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1571616 Feb 28 18:51 myisampack
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1313440 Feb 28 18:51 my_print_defaults
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     296464 Feb 28 18:51 mysql
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     110776 Feb 28 18:50 mysqlaccess
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      29920 Feb 28 18:51 mysqladmin
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      98712 Feb 28 18:51 mysqlbinlog
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       4672 Feb 28 18:51 mysqlbug
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      24224 Feb 28 18:51 mysqlcheck
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       4672 Feb 28 18:51 mysql_config
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       3670 Feb 28 18:50 mysql_convert_table_format
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      22522 Feb 28 18:50 mysqld_multi
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13073 Feb 28 18:50 mysqld_safe
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      68360 Feb 28 18:51 mysqldump
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6356 Feb 28 18:50 mysqldumpslow
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11648 Feb 28 18:50 mysql_explain_log
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       3245 Feb 28 18:50 mysql_find_rows
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        483 Feb 28 18:50 mysql_fix_extensions
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5834 Feb 28 18:50 mysql_fix_privilege_tables
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      31431 Feb 28 18:50 mysqlhotcopy
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20152 Feb 28 18:51 mysqlimport
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13659 Feb 28 18:50 mysql_install_db
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6586 Feb 28 18:50 mysql_secure_installation
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      16687 Feb 28 18:50 mysql_setpermission
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23240 Feb 28 18:51 mysqlshow
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      14473 Feb 28 18:50 mysql_tableinfo
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     150456 Feb 28 18:51 mysqltest
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      33424 Feb 28 18:51 mysqltestmanager
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11968 Feb 28 18:51 mysqltestmanagerc
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9464 Feb 28 18:51 mysqltestmanager-pwgen
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1294536 Feb 28 18:51 mysql_tzinfo_to_sql
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      50816 Feb 28 18:51 mysql_upgrade
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5753 Feb 28 18:50 mysql_upgrade_shell
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     105568 Feb 28 18:51 mysql_waitpid
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       3818 Feb 28 18:50 mysql_zap
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9040 Mar 23 10:22 namei
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        255 Mar 23 10:20 neqn
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    2705120 Mar 23 10:25 net
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         32 Dec  1  2009 newaliases -> /etc/alternatives/mta-newaliases
    lrwxr-xr-x  1 root root         31 Apr 22 15:20 newaliases.postfix -> ../../usr/sbin/sendmail.postfix
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         23 Mar 23 10:20 newaliases.sendmail -> ../../usr/sbin/sendmail
    -rwsr-xr-x  1 root root      25160 Mar 23 10:20 newgrp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      91040 Mar 23 10:24 nl
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      95040 Mar 23 10:21 nm
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     791176 Mar 23 10:22 nmblookup
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19856 Mar 23 10:24 nohup
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1556 Mar 23 10:20 nroff
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      73824 Mar 23 10:25 nslookup
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      51160 Mar 23 10:25 nsupdate
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1260024 Mar 23 10:25 ntlm_auth
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8968 Dec 18  2009 ntpstat
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     253832 Mar 23 10:21 objcopy
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     305320 Mar 23 10:21 objdump
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      37488 Mar 23 10:24 od
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     369680 Mar 26 16:55 openssl
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11440 Mar 23 10:27 pal2rgb
    -rwsr-xr-x  1 root root      23688 Mar 23 10:27 passwd
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20336 Mar 23 10:24 paste
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19512 Mar 23 10:24 pathchk
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      24400 Mar 23 10:26 pcregrep
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      37592 Mar 23 10:26 pcretest
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1083672 Mar 23 10:25 pdbedit
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root      13696 Sep  3  2009 perl
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root      13696 Sep  3  2009 perl5.8.8
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      36840 Mar 23 10:18 perlbug
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      17953 Mar 23 10:18 perlcc
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        224 Mar 23 10:18 perldoc
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11937 Mar 23 10:18 perlivp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1299960 Feb 28 18:51 perror
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6704 Mar 23 10:20 pfbtops
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          3 Mar 23 10:22 pftp -> ftp
    -r-xr-xr-x  2 root root      15168 Jan 21  2009 pgrep
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    2778744 Jan 13 17:12 php
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    2789176 Jan 13 17:12 php-cgi
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     224448 Mar 23 10:20 pic
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2563 Mar 23 10:20 pic2graph
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5843 Mar 23 10:18 piconv
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      24000 Mar 23 10:24 pinky
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     101928 May 24  2008 pkg-config
    -r-xr-xr-x  2 root root      15168 Jan 21  2009 pkill
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       4521 Mar 23 10:18 pl2pm
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root      10896 Mar 23 10:25 pmap
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2338 Mar 23 10:18 pod2html
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      10255 Mar 23 10:18 pod2latex
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19545 Mar 23 10:18 pod2man
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       7792 Mar 23 10:18 pod2text
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       3343 Mar 23 10:18 pod2usage
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       3726 Mar 23 10:18 podchecker
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2526 Mar 23 10:18 podselect
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      41184 Dec 29 19:10 pop3d
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      14673 Jan  8  2007 POST
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     138760 Mar 23 10:20 post-grohtml
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         13 Mar 23 10:24 poweroff -> consolehelper
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11144 Mar 23 10:27 ppm2tiff
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      53440 Mar 23 10:24 pr
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5654 Mar 23 10:24 precat
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      74592 Mar 23 10:20 pre-grohtml
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5654 Mar 23 10:24 preunzip
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5654 Mar 23 10:24 prezip
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       7032 Mar 23 10:24 prezip-bin
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      17464 Mar 23 10:24 printenv
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      27944 Mar 23 10:24 printf
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root mail      93800 Mar 29  2007 procmail
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     774664 Mar 23 10:25 profiles
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      48104 Mar 31 12:07 protoize
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9199 Mar 23 10:18 prove
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root      52997 Sep  3  2009 psed
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19536 Mar 23 10:17 pstree
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          6 Mar 23 10:17 pstree.x11 -> pstree
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root      36601 Sep  3  2009 pstruct
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2712 Jan 21  2007 ptar
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2506 Jan 21  2007 ptardiff
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     106400 Mar 23 10:24 ptx
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         23 Mar 23 10:20 purgestat -> ../../usr/sbin/sendmail
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root       6664 Mar 23 10:25 pwdx
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root         82 Mar 23 10:17 pydoc
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root       4736 Sep  3  2009 python
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          6 Mar 23 10:17 python2 -> python
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root       4736 Sep  3  2009 python2.4
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      69448 Mar 23 10:22 quota
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        525 May 22  2007 rails
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        122 May 22  2007 rake
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      48416 Mar 23 10:21 ranlib
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      10088 Mar 23 10:27 ras2tiff
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      16272 Mar 23 10:27 raw2tiff
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8600 Mar 23 10:19 rdjpgcom
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     259104 Mar 23 10:21 readelf
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23880 Mar 23 10:24 readlink
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         13 Mar 23 10:24 reboot -> consolehelper
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     126240 Mar 23 10:20 refer
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      51340 Mar 23 10:21 remsync
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6672 Mar 23 10:22 rename
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6664 Mar 23 10:22 renice
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1303640 Feb 28 18:51 replace
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          4 Mar 23 10:19 reset -> tset
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        511 Mar 23 10:19 resetall
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1297880 Feb 28 18:51 resolveip
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1300712 Feb 28 18:51 resolve_stack_dump
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       7200 Mar 23 10:22 rev
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11704 Mar 23 10:27 rgb2ycbcr
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         27 Dec  1  2009 rmail -> /etc/alternatives/mta-rmail
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        262 Aug 14  2008 rmail.postfix
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      76152 Mar 23 10:20 rmail.sendmail
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    2416056 Mar 23 10:22 rpcclient
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      88792 Jun  7 22:55 rpcgen
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      32424 Mar 23 10:19 rpm2cpio
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         15 Mar 23 10:19 rpmdb -> ../lib/rpm/rpmd
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         15 Mar 23 10:19 rpmquery -> ../lib/rpm/rpmq
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         15 Mar 23 10:19 rpmsign -> ../lib/rpm/rpmk
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         15 Mar 23 10:19 rpmverify -> ../lib/rpm/rpmv
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     324824 Mar 23 10:18 rsync
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       4928 Jan  7 11:50 ruby
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9912 Mar 23 10:24 runcon
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        749 Mar 23 10:21 run-parts
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root         85 Mar 23 10:24 run-with-aspell
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          3 Mar 23 10:20 rvim -> vim
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root      52997 Sep  3  2009 s2p
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      21145 Jan 21  2009 sa-compile
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      42759 Jan 21  2009 sa-learn
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      45712 Jan 21  2009 sa-update
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      53384 Mar 23 10:18 scp
    -rwxr-sr-x  1 root screen   358408 Mar 21  2007 screen
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11856 Mar 23 10:22 script
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23400 Mar 23 10:18 sdiff
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      22872 Mar 23 10:18 secon
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     191080 Mar 23 10:18 semodule_deps
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      10480 Mar 23 10:18 semodule_expand
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      10440 Mar 23 10:18 semodule_link
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      14896 Mar 23 10:18 semodule_package
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     151944 Mar 23 10:18 sensors
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23792 Mar 23 10:24 seq
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5416 Mar 23 10:22 setsid
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20352 Mar 23 10:22 setterm
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         13 Mar 23 10:25 setup -> consolehelper
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      82440 Mar 23 10:18 sftp
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          6 Mar 23 10:20 sg -> newgrp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20664 Mar 23 10:19 sha1hmac
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      29000 Mar 23 10:24 sha1sum
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      36104 Mar 23 10:24 sha224sum
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20672 Mar 23 10:19 sha256hmac
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      36104 Mar 23 10:24 sha256sum
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20672 Mar 23 10:19 sha384hmac
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      42248 Mar 23 10:24 sha384sum
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      20672 Mar 23 10:19 sha512hmac
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      42248 Mar 23 10:24 sha512sum
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      48096 Mar 23 10:21 shar
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      38120 Mar 23 10:24 shred
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      27952 Mar 23 10:21 size
    -r-xr-xr-x  2 root root      15040 Jan 21  2009 skill
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root      12248 Mar 23 10:25 slabtop
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          5 Mar 23 10:18 slogin -> ./ssh
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    2308088 Mar 23 10:22 smbcacls
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1443176 Mar 23 10:22 smbclient
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     820744 Mar 23 10:20 smbcontrol
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    2191544 Mar 23 10:25 smbcquotas
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    2265336 Mar 23 10:22 smbget
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    2195352 Mar 23 10:25 smbpasswd
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2295 Mar 23 10:22 smbprint
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1015576 Mar 23 10:22 smbspool
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     803240 Mar 23 10:20 smbstatus
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       4896 Mar 23 10:22 smbtar
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    1351016 Mar 23 10:22 smbtree
    -r-xr-xr-x  2 root root      15040 Jan 21  2009 snice
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8880 Mar 23 10:25 snmpbulkget
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11088 Mar 23 10:25 snmpbulkwalk
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      26133 Mar 23 10:25 snmpconf
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19568 Mar 23 10:25 snmpdelta
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      10936 Mar 23 10:25 snmpdf
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8320 Mar 23 10:25 snmpget
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8304 Mar 23 10:25 snmpgetnext
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          8 Mar 23 10:25 snmpinform -> snmptrap
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      53080 Mar 23 10:25 snmpnetstat
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9736 Mar 23 10:25 snmpset
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      12368 Mar 23 10:25 snmpstatus
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19328 Mar 23 10:25 snmptable
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13696 Mar 23 10:25 snmptest
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      12952 Mar 23 10:25 snmptranslate
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11440 Mar 23 10:25 snmptrap
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      31112 Mar 23 10:25 snmpusm
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      25480 Mar 23 10:25 snmpvacm
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11048 Mar 23 10:25 snmpwalk
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23432 Mar 23 10:20 soelim
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      27021 Jan 21  2009 spamassassin
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      40960 Jan 21  2009 spamc
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     102278 Jan 21  2009 spamd
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        122 Mar 23 10:24 spell
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      25759 Oct 11  2008 spfd
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      93215 Oct 11  2008 spfd_static
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      12908 Oct 11  2008 spf_example
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      83323 Oct 11  2008 spf_example_static
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      24995 Oct 11  2008 spfquery
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      94526 Oct 11  2008 spfquery_static
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      12159 Oct 11  2008 spftest
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      87722 Oct 11  2008 spftest_static
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      17366 Mar 23 10:18 splain
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      25936 Mar 23 10:24 split
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23024 Jun  7 22:55 sprof
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      33464 Mar 23 10:26 sqlite3
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     304560 Mar 23 10:18 ssh
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     105952 Mar 23 10:18 ssh-add
    -rwxr-sr-x  1 root nobody    89232 Oct 26  2009 ssh-agent
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1271 Mar 23 10:18 ssh-copy-id
    -rw-r--r--  1 root root         65 Mar 23 10:18 .ssh.hmac
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     129600 Mar 23 10:22 ssh-keygen
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     170840 Mar 23 10:18 ssh-keyscan
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      29120 Jan  6  2007 sslswamp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      37488 Mar 23 10:24 stat
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      25400 Mar 23 10:21 strings
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     253832 Mar 23 10:21 strip
    ---s--x--x  2 root root     150968 Sep 19  2009 sudo
    ---s--x--x  2 root root     150968 Sep 19  2009 sudoedit
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      25272 Mar 23 10:24 sum
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    8342946 Oct 30  2009 sw-engine
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    8357565 Oct 30  2009 sw-engine-cgi
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      87232 Mar 23 10:24 tac
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     159120 Mar 23 10:21 tack
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      37704 Mar 23 10:24 tail
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6704 Mar 23 10:22 tailf
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      25056 Mar 23 10:25 talk
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     100112 Mar 23 10:20 tbl
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      50272 Mar 23 10:20 tdbbackup
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      48376 Mar 23 10:20 tdbdump
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      57048 Mar 23 10:20 tdbtool
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19584 Mar 23 10:24 tee
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      97928 Mar 23 10:21 telnet
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      27584 Mar 23 10:24 test
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     739688 Mar 23 10:25 testparm
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        147 Jan  7 11:46 testrb
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23760 Mar 23 10:20 tfmtodit
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15632 Mar 23 10:27 thumbnail
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      49720 Mar 23 10:21 tic
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11968 Mar 23 10:27 tiff2bw
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      59184 Mar 23 10:27 tiff2pdf
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      37224 Mar 23 10:27 tiff2ps
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11360 Mar 23 10:27 tiff2rgba
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15096 Mar 23 10:27 tiffcmp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      28960 Mar 23 10:27 tiffcp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11152 Mar 23 10:27 tiffdither
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      16616 Mar 23 10:27 tiffdump
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13720 Mar 23 10:27 tiffinfo
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15184 Mar 23 10:27 tiffmedian
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       8960 Mar 23 10:27 tiffset
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      10944 Mar 23 10:27 tiffsplit
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13864 Mar 23 10:19 time
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root       7440 Mar 23 10:25 tload
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      33040 Mar 23 10:21 toe
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root      62368 Mar 23 10:25 top
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11488 Mar 23 10:21 tput
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      32176 Mar 23 10:24 tr
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       2104 Mar 23 10:25 traptoemail
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     368480 Mar 23 10:20 troff
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      40640 Mar 23 10:21 tset
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      25488 Mar 23 10:24 tsort
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      16880 Mar 23 10:24 tty
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6892 Jun  7 22:16 tzselect
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root         70 Mar 23 10:21 ucd5820stat
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      53592 Mar 23 10:21 udevinfo
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      49688 Mar 23 10:21 udevtest
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      12904 Mar 23 10:22 ul
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          8 Mar 23 10:27 uncompress -> compress
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23768 Mar 23 10:24 unexpand
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      28104 Mar 23 10:24 uniq
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      42056 Mar 31 12:07 unprotoize
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15200 Mar 23 10:21 unshar
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root     122264 Mar 11  2009 unzip
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      57640 Mar 23 10:20 unzipsfx
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      31696 Mar 23 10:25 updatedb
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root       4696 Mar 23 10:25 uptime
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       4868 Jan 21  2009 urlgrabber
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19536 Mar 23 10:24 users
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      10880 Mar 23 10:20 utmpdump
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11992 Mar 23 10:21 uudecode
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11032 Mar 23 10:21 uuencode
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       5864 Mar 23 10:19 uuidgen
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      86040 Mar 23 10:24 vdir
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root    2820256 Mar 23 10:20 vim
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          3 Mar 23 10:20 vimdiff -> vim
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1600 Mar 23 10:20 vimtutor
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root      19080 Mar 23 10:25 vmstat
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root      11200 Mar 23 10:25 w
    -r-xr-sr-x  1 root tty       11016 Jan 21  2009 wall
    -r-xr-xr-x  1 root root      11664 Mar 23 10:25 watch
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     751368 Mar 23 10:25 wbinfo
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23792 Mar 23 10:24 wc
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     142584 Jan  8  2007 webalizer
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          9 Apr 22 15:21 webazolver -> webalizer
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root     238376 Mar 23 10:24 wget
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1784 Mar 23 10:27 whatis
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      11344 Mar 23 10:22 whereis
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19280 Mar 23 10:20 which
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      23800 Mar 23 10:27 whiptail
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      28336 Mar 23 10:24 who
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      17320 Mar 23 10:24 whoami
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          6 Mar 23 10:20 whois -> jwhois
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       6656 Mar 23 10:24 word-list-compress
    -rwxr-sr-x  1 root tty       10944 Sep  3  2009 write
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       9312 Mar 23 10:19 wrjpgcom
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root     216056 Mar 31 12:07 x86_64-redhat-linux-gcc
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      28376 Mar 23 10:27 xargs
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      15088 Aug 10  2009 xmlcatalog
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      55064 Aug 10  2009 xmllint
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      21752 Mar 23 10:22 xmlwf
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        661 Jan  6  2007 xorg-x11-filesystem-upgrade
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      19352 Jul 31  2008 xsltproc
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      51838 Mar 23 10:18 xsubpp
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      13128 Mar 23 10:27 xxd
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root      17104 Mar 23 10:24 yes
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root        803 Aug 20  2009 yum
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root       2005 May 28  2008 zcmp
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root       2005 May 28  2008 zdiff
    -rwxr-xr-x  3 root root       3121 May 28  2008 zegrep
    -rwxr-xr-x  3 root root       3121 May 28  2008 zfgrep
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1536 Mar 23 10:24 zforce
    -rwxr-xr-x  3 root root       3121 May 28  2008 zgrep
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1188 Mar 23 10:20 zipgrep
    -rwxr-xr-x  2 root root     122264 Mar 11  2009 zipinfo
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root         99 Mar 23 10:24 zless
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       1933 Mar 23 10:24 zmore
    -rwxr-xr-x  1 root root       3420 Mar 23 10:24 znew
    lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root          6 Mar 23 10:20 zsoelim -> soelim
    [root@base-s1 ~]#

  9. #9
    Trusted Penguin Irithori's Avatar
    Join Date
    May 2009
    Location
    Munich
    Posts
    3,227
    the ls looks ok.
    Does the $PATH include /usr/bin?
    Especially for a user, that doesn not have access to commands under /usr/bin?

    What happens, if you call commands in /usr/bin with full path?
    like:
    /usr/bin/who
    You must always face the curtain with a bow.

  10. #10
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Jun 2010
    Posts
    9
    So when I type the full path in a regular user account (who doesn't have access to commands under /usr/bin) it does not work:
    Code:
    bash-3.2$ /usr/bin/who
    bash: /usr/bin/who: No such file or directory
    bash-3.2$
    however in root it does work if I type in the path /usr/bin/who

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