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Hello, I am a beginner to linux but know the basics to move around the file system fairly well. I am running CentOS 4.4 Server addition. I did a yum ...
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  1. #1
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Feb 2007

    Help setting up Samba


    I am a beginner to linux but know the basics to move around the file system fairly well. I am running CentOS 4.4 Server addition. I did a yum install samba and it scrolled a few lines of text then said nothing to do... I went to cd ../etc/init.d and samba was not there
    Can any one tell me where I went wrong and assist me when I set up samba?

  2. #2
    Linux Newbie
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Cupertino, CA
    I think it means there is no package available that is called samba. Possible its called something else in the CenOS repository?

  3. #3
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Feb 2007

    Samba Config Help


    Well I finally determined I am still a newb. I was unaware that I had to start samba in order for it to work. I found out how to start it but I have to manually do it every time. Can any one tell me what command I can use to start it an run it in the back ground upon start up?? Also can any one tell me how to stop and re start proccesses?

  4. #4
    Linux Newbie
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Cupertino, CA
    I think there is a file called /etc/init.d/smb. This is the services script for samba.

    There are 2 command used to control the services.

    First one is service.

    Type 'service smb start' to start it, 'service smb stop' to stop it and 'service smb status' to find if its running. There is a restart as well.

    chkconfig command controls which runlevels have which services running. Simply doing 'chkconfig smb on' will ensure that samba starts in runlevels 3,4,5 upon boot.

    See manpages for both commands for details. Also see the individual service scripts for more insight on how they work and what other possible commands are available depending on the service.

  5. #5
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Feb 2007
    Thanks for the help. I do have another question. Now this has been stressing me out a bit.

    I go to look in my Mshome workgroup and see my computer and my test (local host) ---- samba server.

    I double click it and it said I do not have access please contact the network admin.... and directly below this it says you were not connected because a duplicate name exists on the network go to start in the control panel and change the computer name....

    I have added an account to my server nameed preston and have added a password
    I then did smbpasswd -a preston

    then entered my password and confirmed it

    Any thoughts on this? I have been working about 3 hrs trying to figure out what is going on.

  6. #6
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Feb 2007


    BTW here is my config file incase I have messed something up


    # workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name
    workgroup = Mshome

    # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
    server string = Test

    # This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
    # connections to machines which are on your local network. The
    # following example restricts access to two C class networks and
    # the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
    # the smb.conf man page
    ; hosts allow =

    # if you want to automatically load your printer list rather
    # than setting them up individually then you'll need this
    printcap name = /etc/printcap
    load printers = yes

    # It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless
    # yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
    # bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx
    ; printing = cups

    # This option tells cups that the data has already been rasterized
    cups options = raw

    # Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
    # otherwise the user "nobody" is used
    ; guest account = pcguest

    # this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
    # that connects
    log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log
    # all log information in one file
    # log file = /var/log/samba/smbd.log

    # Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
    max log size = 50

    # Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
    # security_level.txt for details.
    security = user
    # Use password server option only with security = server
    ; password server = <NT-Server-Name>

    # Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for
    # all combinations of upper and lower case.
    ; password level = 8
    ; username level = 8

    # You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
    # ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
    # Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
    ; encrypt passwords = yes
    ; smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

    ; unix password sync = Yes
    ; passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
    ; passwd chat = *New*UNIX*password* %n\n *ReType*new*UNIX*password* %n\n *passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*success fully*

    # Unix users can map to different SMB User names
    ; username map = /etc/samba/smbusers

    # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
    # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
    # of the machine that is connecting
    ; include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m

    # Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
    # See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
    socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

    # Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
    # If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
    # here. See the man page for details.
    ; interfaces =

    ; remote browse sync =
    # Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here
    ; remote announce =

    # Browser Control Options:
    # set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
    # browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
    ; local master = yes

    # OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
    # elections. The default value should be reasonable

    # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
    # allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
    # if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
    ; domain master = yes

    # Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
    # and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
    ; preferred master = yes

    # Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for
    # Windows95 workstations.
    #; domain logons = yes

    # if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
    # per user logon script
    # run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
    ; logon script = %m.bat
    # run a specific logon batch file per username
    ; logon script = %U.bat

    # Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
    # %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
    # You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
    ; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

    # All NetBIOS names must be resolved to IP Addresses
    # 'Name Resolve Order' allows the named resolution mechanism to be specified
    # the default order is "host lmhosts wins bcast". "host" means use the unix
    # system gethostbyname() function call that will use either /etc/hosts OR
    # DNS or NIS depending on the settings of /etc/host.config, /etc/nsswitch.conf
    # and the /etc/resolv.conf file. "host" therefore is system configuration
    # dependant. This parameter is most often of use to prevent DNS lookups
    # in order to resolve NetBIOS names to IP Addresses. Use with care!
    # The example below excludes use of name resolution for machines that are NOT
    # on the local network segment
    # - OR - are not deliberately to be known via lmhosts or via WINS.
    ; name resolve order = wins lmhosts bcast

    # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
    # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
    ; wins support = yes

    # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
    # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
    ; wins server = w.x.y.z

    # WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
    # behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
    # at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
    ; wins proxy = yes

    # DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
    # via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
    # this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
    dns proxy = no

    # Case Preservation can be handy - system default is _no_
    # NOTE: These can be set on a per share basis
    ; preserve case = no
    ; short preserve case = no
    # Default case is normally upper case for all DOS files
    ; default case = lower
    # Be very careful with case sensitivity - it can break things!
    ; case sensitive = no

    #============================ Share Definitions ==============================
    idmap uid = 16777216-33554431
    idmap gid = 16777216-33554431
    template shell = /bin/false
    winbind use default domain = no
    comment = Home Directories
    browseable = yes
    writable = yes

    # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
    ; [netlogon]
    ; comment = Network Logon Service
    ; path = /home/netlogon
    ; guest ok = yes
    ; writable = no
    ; share modes = no

    # Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
    # the default is to use the user's home directory
    ; path = /home/profiles
    ; browseable = yes
    ; guest ok = yes

    # NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to
    # specifically define each individual printer
    comment = All Printers
    path = /var/spool/samba
    browseable = no
    # Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print
    guest ok = yes
    writable = no
    printable = yes

    # This one is useful for people to share files
    ; comment = Temporary file space
    ; path = /tmp
    ; read only = no
    ; public = yes

    # A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
    # the "staff" group
    ; comment = Public Stuff
    ; path = /home/samba
    ; public = yes
    ; read only = yes
    ; write list = @staff

    # Other examples.
    # A private printer, usable only by fred. Spool data will be placed in fred's
    # home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory,
    # wherever it is.
    ; comment = Fred's Printer
    ; valid users = fred
    ; path = /homes/fred
    ; printer = freds_printer
    ; public = no
    ; writable = no
    ; printable = yes

    # A private directory, usable only by fred. Note that fred requires write
    # access to the directory.
    ; comment = Fred's Service
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/private
    ; valid users = fred
    ; public = no
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no

    # a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects
    # this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could
    # also use the %u option to tailor it by user name.
    # The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting.
    ; comment = PC Directories
    ; path = /usr/pc/%m
    ; public = yes
    ; writable = yes

    # A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files
    # created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so
    # any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this
    # directory must be writable by the default user. Another user could of course
    # be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead.
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/else/public
    ; public = yes
    ; only guest = yes
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no

    # The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two
    # users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this
    # setup, the directory should be writable by both users and should have the
    # sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to
    # as many users as required.
    ; comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/shared
    ; valid users = mary fred
    ; public = no
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no
    ; create mask = 0765

  7. #7
    Linux Newbie
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Cupertino, CA
    Sorry, dont know too much about samba itself. However, you should try to change your hostname (in /etc/sysconfig/network and /etc/hosts) from something apart from the default localhost. You will have to reboot. See if that makes a difference. Otherwise, please start a new thread.

    edited: to change the suggestion about /etc/hosts entry

  8. #8
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Dec 2005

    Samba & Openldap as Primary Domain Controller PDC

    I have a how-to on my website for setting up samba as a primary domain controller (PDC)

    OpenLDAP LAM Samba as PDC

    and if you feeling a little bit more adventurous later on you could try getting into the policies with samba

    Samba Primary Domain Controller with Group Policies

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