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don't know if it is something that I am doing wrong but I can see the samba shares and I have them set up to read and write but I ...
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  1. #1
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Jun 2005
    Posts
    84

    Samba Problems


    don't know if it is something that I am doing wrong but I can see the samba shares and I have them set up to read and write but I can't write to them from a windows box...pls help
    here is my smb.conf file contents:

    # This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
    # smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
    # here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
    # many!) most of which are not shown in this example
    #
    # Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)
    # is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
    # for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
    # may wish to enable
    #
    # NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
    # to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors.
    #
    #======================= Global Settings =====================================
    [global]

    # workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name
    workgroup = home

    # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
    server string = Home Server

    # This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
    # connections to machines which are on your local network. The
    # following example restricts access to two C class networks and
    # the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
    # the smb.conf man page
    ; hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127.

    # if you want to automatically load your printer list rather
    # than setting them up individually then you'll need this
    printcap name = /etc/printcap

    # It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless
    # yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
    # bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx
    ; printing = cups

    # This option tells cups that the data has already been rasterized
    cups options = raw

    # Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
    # otherwise the user "nobody" is used
    ; guest account = pcguest

    # this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
    # that connects
    log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log
    # all log information in one file
    # log file = /var/log/samba/log.smbd

    # Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
    max log size = 50

    # Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
    # security_level.txt for details.
    ; security = user
    # Use password server option only with security = server
    ; password server = <NT-Server-Name>

    # Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for
    # all combinations of upper and lower case.
    ; password level = 8
    ; username level = 8

    # You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
    # ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
    # Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
    ; encrypt passwords = yes
    ; smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

    # The following are needed to allow password changing from Windows to
    # update the Linux system password also.
    # NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd file' above.
    # NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to change only
    # the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix password
    # to be kept in sync with the SMB password.
    ; unix password sync = Yes
    ; passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
    ; passwd chat = *New*UNIX*password* %n\n *ReType*new*UNIX*password* %n\n *passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*success fully*

    # Unix users can map to different SMB User names
    ; username map = /etc/samba/smbusers

    # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
    # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
    # of the machine that is connecting
    ; include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m

    # Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
    # See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
    socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

    # Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
    # If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
    # here. See the man page for details.
    ; interfaces = 192.168.0

    # Configure remote browse list synchronisation here
    # request announcement to, or browse list sync from:
    # a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below)
    ; remote browse sync = 192.168.3.25 192.168.5.255
    # Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here
    remote announce = 192.168.0 255.255.255

    # Browser Control Options:
    # set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
    # browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
    ; local master = no

    # OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
    # elections. The default value should be reasonable
    ; os level = 33

    # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
    # allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
    # if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
    domain master = yes

    # Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
    # and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
    preferred master = yes

    # Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for
    # Windows95 workstations.
    ; domain logons = yes

    # if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
    # per user logon script
    # run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
    ; logon script = %m.bat
    # run a specific logon batch file per username
    ; logon script = %U.bat

    # Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
    # %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
    # You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
    ; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

    # All NetBIOS names must be resolved to IP Addresses
    # 'Name Resolve Order' allows the named resolution mechanism to be specified
    # the default order is "host lmhosts wins bcast". "host" means use the unix
    # system gethostbyname() function call that will use either /etc/hosts OR
    # DNS or NIS depending on the settings of /etc/host.config, /etc/nsswitch.conf
    # and the /etc/resolv.conf file. "host" therefore is system configuration
    # dependant. This parameter is most often of use to prevent DNS lookups
    # in order to resolve NetBIOS names to IP Addresses. Use with care!
    # The example below excludes use of name resolution for machines that are NOT
    # on the local network segment
    # - OR - are not deliberately to be known via lmhosts or via WINS.
    ; name resolve order = wins lmhosts bcast

    # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
    # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
    ; wins support = yes

    # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
    # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
    ; wins server = w.x.y.z

    # WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
    # behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
    # at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
    ; wins proxy = yes

    # DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
    # via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
    # this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
    dns proxy = no
    idmap uid = 16777216-33554431
    idmap gid = 16777216-33554431
    ; security = user
    encrypt passwords = no
    guest ok = yes
    guest account = Jesse
    security = share

    [homes]
    comment = Home Directories
    browseable = no
    writeable = yes

    # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
    ; [netlogon]
    ; comment = Network Logon Service
    ; path = /home/netlogon
    ; guest ok = yes
    ; writable = no
    ; share modes = no


    # Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
    # the default is to use the user's home directory
    ;[Profiles]
    ; path = /home/profiles
    ; browseable = no
    ; guest ok = yes


    # NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to
    # specifically define each individual printer
    [printers]
    comment = All Printers
    path = /var/spool/samba
    browseable = no
    # Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print
    ; guest ok = no
    ; writeable = no
    printable = yes

    # This one is useful for people to share files
    ;[tmp]
    ; comment = Temporary file space
    ; path = /tmp
    ; read only = no
    ; public = yes

    # A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
    # the "staff" group
    ;[public]
    ; comment = Public Stuff
    ; path = /home/samba
    ; public = yes
    ; read only = yes
    ; write list = @staff

    # Other examples.
    #
    # A private printer, usable only by fred. Spool data will be placed in fred's
    # home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory,
    # wherever it is.
    ;[fredsprn]
    ; comment = Fred's Printer
    ; valid users = fred
    ; path = /homes/fred
    ; printer = freds_printer
    ; public = no
    ; writable = no
    ; printable = yes

    # A private directory, usable only by fred. Note that fred requires write
    # access to the directory.
    ;[fredsdir]
    ; comment = Fred's Service
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/private
    ; valid users = fred
    ; public = no
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no

    # a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects
    # this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could
    # also use the %u option to tailor it by user name.
    # The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting.
    ;[pchome]
    ; comment = PC Directories
    ; path = /usr/pc/%m
    ; public = no
    ; writable = yes

    # A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files
    # created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so
    # any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this
    # directory must be writable by the default user. Another user could of course
    # be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead.
    ;[public]
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/else/public
    ; public = yes
    ; only guest = yes
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no

    # The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two
    # users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this
    # setup, the directory should be writable by both users and should have the
    # sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to
    # as many users as required.
    ;[myshare]
    ; comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/shared
    ; valid users = mary fred
    ; public = no
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no
    ; create mask = 0765


    [website]
    path = /website
    writeable = yes

    [Network]
    path = /Network
    writeable = yes
    browseable = yes
    guest ok = yes

  2. #2
    Linux Newbie
    Join Date
    Dec 2003
    Location
    Netherlands
    Posts
    193
    First of all what i saw in your smb.conf file is that you haven't specify a password database for Samba.

    The second thing is for your home directory:

    Is your directory read-write?

    [home]
    path = /home
    comment = homes
    browseable = yes
    writable = yes
    create mask = 0777 # full read-write
    directory mask = 0777 # full read-write

    BTW: which Linux distro do you use?
    Computers Are Like Air Conditioners... They\'re both useless with Windows open!

  3. #3
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Jun 2005
    Posts
    84
    I am using RH fedora 4

    I don't want to use any passwords to access it...

  4. $spacer_open
    $spacer_close
  5. #4
    Linux User
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Posts
    290
    Quote Originally Posted by boiseneon
    I don't want to use any passwords to access it...
    yeah, then utilise those examples with lines like gues ok = yes, public = yes

    semicolon ( ; ) means comment, uncomment those examples and you should get the result


    a good start:
    # A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files
    # created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so
    # any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this
    # directory must be writable by the default user. Another user could of course
    # be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead.
    ;[public]
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/else/public
    ; public = yes
    ; only guest = yes
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no

  6. #5
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Jun 2005
    Posts
    84
    Ok so I tried everything that has been recomended. I am still being told that I don't have permission to write to the folder

    Here is my smb.conf file contents:

    # This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
    # smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
    # here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
    # many!) most of which are not shown in this example
    #
    # Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)
    # is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
    # for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
    # may wish to enable
    #
    # NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
    # to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors.
    #
    #======================= Global Settings =====================================
    [global]

    # workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name
    workgroup = home

    # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
    server string = Home Server

    # This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
    # connections to machines which are on your local network. The
    # following example restricts access to two C class networks and
    # the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
    # the smb.conf man page
    ; hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127.

    # if you want to automatically load your printer list rather
    # than setting them up individually then you'll need this
    printcap name = /etc/printcap

    # It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless
    # yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
    # bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx
    ; printing = cups

    # This option tells cups that the data has already been rasterized
    cups options = raw

    # Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
    # otherwise the user "nobody" is used
    ; guest account = pcguest

    # this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
    # that connects
    log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log
    # all log information in one file
    # log file = /var/log/samba/log.smbd

    # Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
    max log size = 50

    # Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
    # security_level.txt for details.
    ; security = user
    # Use password server option only with security = server
    ; password server = <NT-Server-Name>

    # Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for
    # all combinations of upper and lower case.
    ; password level = 8
    ; username level = 8

    # You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
    # ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
    # Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
    ; encrypt passwords = yes
    ; smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

    # The following are needed to allow password changing from Windows to
    # update the Linux system password also.
    # NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd file' above.
    # NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to change only
    # the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix password
    # to be kept in sync with the SMB password.
    ; unix password sync = Yes
    ; passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
    ; passwd chat = *New*UNIX*password* %n\n *ReType*new*UNIX*password* %n\n *passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*success fully*

    # Unix users can map to different SMB User names
    ; username map = /etc/samba/smbusers

    # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
    # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
    # of the machine that is connecting
    ; include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m

    # Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
    # See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
    socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

    # Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
    # If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
    # here. See the man page for details.
    ; interfaces = 192.168.0

    # Configure remote browse list synchronisation here
    # request announcement to, or browse list sync from:
    # a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below)
    ; remote browse sync = 192.168.3.25 192.168.5.255
    # Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here
    remote announce = 192.168.0 255.255.255

    # Browser Control Options:
    # set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
    # browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
    ; local master = no

    # OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
    # elections. The default value should be reasonable
    ; os level = 33

    # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
    # allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
    # if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
    domain master = yes

    # Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
    # and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
    preferred master = yes

    # Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for
    # Windows95 workstations.
    ; domain logons = yes

    # if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
    # per user logon script
    # run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
    ; logon script = %m.bat
    # run a specific logon batch file per username
    ; logon script = %U.bat

    # Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
    # %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
    # You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
    ; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

    # All NetBIOS names must be resolved to IP Addresses
    # 'Name Resolve Order' allows the named resolution mechanism to be specified
    # the default order is "host lmhosts wins bcast". "host" means use the unix
    # system gethostbyname() function call that will use either /etc/hosts OR
    # DNS or NIS depending on the settings of /etc/host.config, /etc/nsswitch.conf
    # and the /etc/resolv.conf file. "host" therefore is system configuration
    # dependant. This parameter is most often of use to prevent DNS lookups
    # in order to resolve NetBIOS names to IP Addresses. Use with care!
    # The example below excludes use of name resolution for machines that are NOT
    # on the local network segment
    # - OR - are not deliberately to be known via lmhosts or via WINS.
    ; name resolve order = wins lmhosts bcast

    # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
    # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
    ; wins support = yes

    # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
    # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
    ; wins server = w.x.y.z

    # WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
    # behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
    # at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
    ; wins proxy = yes

    # DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
    # via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
    # this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
    dns proxy = no
    idmap uid = 16777216-33554431
    idmap gid = 16777216-33554431
    ; security = user
    encrypt passwords = no
    guest ok = yes
    guest account = Jesse
    security = share

    [homes]
    comment = Home Directories
    browseable = no
    writeable = yes

    # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
    ; [netlogon]
    ; comment = Network Logon Service
    ; path = /home/netlogon
    ; guest ok = yes
    ; writable = no
    ; share modes = no


    # Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
    # the default is to use the user's home directory
    ;[Profiles]
    ; path = /home/profiles
    ; browseable = no
    ; guest ok = yes


    # NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to
    # specifically define each individual printer
    [printers]
    comment = All Printers
    path = /var/spool/samba
    browseable = no
    # Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print
    ; guest ok = no
    ; writeable = no
    printable = yes

    # This one is useful for people to share files
    ;[tmp]
    ; comment = Temporary file space
    ; path = /tmp
    ; read only = no
    ; public = yes

    # A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
    # the "staff" group
    ;[public]
    ; comment = Public Stuff
    ; path = /home/samba
    ; public = yes
    ; read only = yes
    ; write list = @staff

    # Other examples.
    #
    # A private printer, usable only by fred. Spool data will be placed in fred's
    # home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory,
    # wherever it is.
    ;[fredsprn]
    ; comment = Fred's Printer
    ; valid users = fred
    ; path = /homes/fred
    ; printer = freds_printer
    ; public = no
    ; writable = no
    ; printable = yes

    # A private directory, usable only by fred. Note that fred requires write
    # access to the directory.
    ;[fredsdir]
    ; comment = Fred's Service
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/private
    ; valid users = fred
    ; public = no
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no

    # a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects
    # this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could
    # also use the %u option to tailor it by user name.
    # The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting.
    ;[pchome]
    ; comment = PC Directories
    ; path = /usr/pc/%m
    ; public = no
    ; writable = yes

    # A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files
    # created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so
    # any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this
    # directory must be writable by the default user. Another user could of course
    # be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead.
    ;[public]
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/else/public
    ; public = yes
    ; only guest = yes
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no

    # The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two
    # users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this
    # setup, the directory should be writable by both users and should have the
    # sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to
    # as many users as required.
    ;[myshare]
    ; comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff
    ; path = /usr/somewhere/shared
    ; valid users = mary fred
    ; public = no
    ; writable = yes
    ; printable = no
    ; create mask = 0765


    [website]
    path = /website
    public = yes
    guest ok = yes
    only guest = yes
    writeable = yes
    browseable = yes
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0777

    [Network]
    path = /Network
    public = yes
    guest ok = yes
    only guest = yes
    writeable = yes
    browseable = yes
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0777


    If someone could help me that would be very appriciated.
    Thanks

  7. #6
    Super Moderator Roxoff's Avatar
    Join Date
    Aug 2005
    Location
    Nottingham, England
    Posts
    3,903
    Whenever I've had problems like this, it's usually caused by a mismatch in the directory permissions between those provided by the directory I'm trying to write to and the user that samba is trying to write as.

    Try fiddling with the unix file permissions on the directories that are mapped (use chmod, chown, chgrp).

    While you dont necessarily want to impose passwords on your users, it does ensure that users trying to write files to the serve do so as themselves, so you get better control over who gets to write where.

  8. #7
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Jun 2005
    Posts
    84
    ok I chmod the directories to 0777 and still nothing...I also shortend my smb.conf file here is what it looks like now...any help would be great

    [global]
    workgroup = home
    server string = Home Server
    guest account = jesse
    log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log
    max log size = 50
    socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
    remote announce = 192.168.0 255.255.255
    domain master = yes
    preferred master = yes
    dns proxy = no
    idmap uid = 16777216-33554431
    idmap gid = 16777216-33554431
    ; security = user
    encrypt passwords = no
    guest ok = yes
    guest account = root
    security = share
    [homes]
    comment = Home Directories
    browseable = no
    writeable = yes
    [website]
    path = /website
    public = yes
    guest ok = yes
    only guest = yes
    writeable = yes
    browseable = yes
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0777

    [Network]
    path = /Network
    public = yes
    guest ok = yes
    only guest = yes
    writeable = yes
    browseable = yes
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0777

  9. #8
    Super Moderator Roxoff's Avatar
    Join Date
    Aug 2005
    Location
    Nottingham, England
    Posts
    3,903
    OK, so I'm going to ask a few really noddy questions now, dont be offended if you feel these are a bit basic:

    - After changing the smb.conf file, you did restart the samba server, didn't you? On FC4 you can do:
    service smbd restart

    - The directories /Network and /Website do exist on you linux box dont they (bearing in mind that the filesystem is case-sensitive)?

    - Have you tried doing:
    su - <username samba runs as>
    followed by cd /Network, then trying to create a file in that directory (echo "hello" > temp.txt)?

  10. #9
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Jun 2005
    Posts
    84
    yes I did restart samba after making the changes. the directories do exist but I have not tried creating a file

  11. #10
    Linux User
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Posts
    290
    [website]
    path = /website
    public = yes
    guest ok = yes
    only guest = yes
    writeable = yes
    browseable = yes
    create mask = 0777
    directory mask = 0777

    looks good, but i felt very uneasy about this:
    guest account = root

    remove it and try again... good luck.....

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