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Hey all, I'm fairly to openSuSE and Linux and general and I need to know how to manually install a driver for my network adapter. I'll give you all the ...
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  1. #1
    Just Joined!
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    How do I manually install a driver?


    Hey all, I'm fairly to openSuSE and Linux and general and I need to know how to manually install a driver for my network adapter.

    I'll give you all the background for the situation and see if anybody has any advice for me:

    I just recently installed openSuSE 11.0 on my desktop (dual booting w/ Vista), and can't seem to get any internet connection. After checking out the Network information in yast, it gave me the message:

    Unable to configure the network card because the kernel device (eth0, wlan0) is not present. This is mostly caused by missing firmware (for wlan devices). See dmesg output for details.

    I went ahead and found out that my network adapter on this machine was:
    Atheros AR8121/AR8113/AR8114 PCI-E Ethernet Controller

    And in some other thread somebody had mentioned that the driver isn't in the kernel used by OpenSuSE 11 ...so

    On Atheros Communications website I found a selection of drivers:
    Atheros Communications

    First I was wondering which of these drivers listed I might be able to use (a couple that stood out listed below):
    AR81Family-linux-v1.0.1.0.tar.gz
    l1-linux-v1.2.40.3.tar.gz

    In addition, how might I go about manually installing it on my machine?

    Please tell me if there is any other information that you need from me

  2. #2
    Linux Guru
    Join Date
    Nov 2007
    Posts
    1,754
    You have an AR81 NIC - download the AR81 Linux Driver.

    A .tar.gz is like a .zip - extract the contents with the tar command:

    Code:
    tar -zxf <name_of_driver_file.tar.gz>
    Inside you will find a README file (copied below.)

    *In order to compile the module, you will need to install (at the least) the packages called: kernel-source and gcc.


    Linux* Base Driver for the Atheros(R) AR8121/AR8113 PCI-E Ethernet Adapter
    ================================================== ========================

    Contents
    ========

    - In This Release
    - Building and Installation
    - Command Line Parameters
    - Additional Configurations
    - Known Issues
    - Support

    In This Release
    ===============

    This file describes the Linux* Base Driver for the Atheros(R) AR8121/AR8113 PCI-E
    Ethernet Adapter, version 1.0.0.5 This driver supports the 2.4.x and 2.6.x kernels.

    This driver is only supported as a loadable module at this time. Atheros is not
    supplying patches against the kernel source to allow for static linking of
    the driver. For questions related to hardware requirements, refer to the
    documentation supplied with your Atheros(R) adapter. All hardware
    requirements listed apply to use with Linux.

    Building and Installation
    =========================

    To build a binary RPM* package of this driver, run 'rpmbuild -tb
    <filename.tar.gz>'. Replace <filename.tar.gz> with the specific filename of
    the driver.

    NOTE: For the build to work properly, the currently running kernel MUST match
    the version and configuration of the installed kernel sources. If you
    have just recompiled the kernel reboot the system now.

    RPM functionality has only been tested in Red Hat distributions.

    1. Move the base driver tar file to the directory of your choice. For example,
    use /home/username/arl1e or /usr/local/src/arl1e.

    2. Untar/unzip archive:

    tar zxf arl1e-x.x.x.x.tar.gz

    3. Change to the driver src directory:

    cd arl1e-x.x.x.x/src/

    4. Compile the driver module:

    make install

    The binary will be installed as:

    /lib/modules/<KERNEL VERSION>/kernel/drivers/net/arl1e.[k]o

    The install locations listed above are the default locations. They might
    not be correct for certain Linux distributions. For more information,
    see the ldistrib.txt file included in the driver tar.

    5. Install the module:

    insmod arl1e <parameter>=<value>

    6. Assign an IP address to the interface by entering the following, where
    x is the interface number:

    ifconfig ethx <IP_address>

    7. Verify that the interface works. Enter the following, where <IP_address>
    is the IP address for another machine on the same subnet as the interface
    that is being tested:

    ping <IP_address>

    Command Line Parameters
    =======================

    If the driver is built as a module, the following optional parameters are
    used by entering them on the command line with the modprobe or insmod command
    using this syntax:

    modprobe arl1e [<option>=<VAL1>,<VAL2>,...]

    insmod arl1e [<option>=<VAL1>,<VAL2>,...]

    For example, with two L001 PCIE adapters, entering:

    insmod arl1e TxMemSize=80,128
    loads the arl1e driver with 8KB TX memory for the first adapter and 10KB TX memory
    for the second adapter.

    The default value for each parameter is generally the recommended setting,
    unless otherwise noted.

    NOTES: A descriptor describes a data buffer and attributes related to the
    data buffer. This information is accessed by the hardware.

    MediaType
    Valid Range: 0-4
    0 - auto-negotiate at all supported speeds
    1 - only link at 100Mbps Full Duplex
    2 - only link at 100Mbps Half Duplex
    3 - only link at 10Mbps Full Duplex
    4 - only link at 10Mbps Half Duplex
    Default Value: 0
    MediaType forces the line speed/duplex to the specified value in
    megabits per second(Mbps). If this parameter is not specified or is set
    to 0 and the link partner is set to auto-negotiate, the board will
    auto-detect the correct speed.

    IntModTimer
    Valid Range: 50-65000
    Default Value: 100
    This value represents the minmum interval between interrupts controller
    generated.

    RxMemBlock
    Valid Range: 16-512
    Default Value: 64
    This value is the number of receice memory block allocated by the driver.
    Increasing this value allows the driver to buffer more incoming packets.
    Each memory block is 1536 bytes.

    NOTE: Depending on the available system resources, the request for a
    higher number of receive descriptors may be denied. In this case,
    use a lower number.

    TxMemSize
    Valid Range: 4-64
    Default Value: 8
    This value is the number KB of transmit memory allocated by the driver.
    Increasing this value allows the driver to queue more transmits.

    NOTE: Depending on the available system resources, the request for a
    higher number of transmit descriptors may be denied. In this case,
    use a lower number.

    FlashVendor
    Valid Range: 0-2
    Default Value: 0
    This value standards on vendor of spi flash used by the adapter.
    0 for Atmel, 1 for SST, 2 for ST


    Additional Configurations
    =========================

    Configuring the Driver on Different Distributions
    -------------------------------------------------

    Configuring a network driver to load properly when the system is started is
    distribution dependent. Typically, the configuration process involves adding
    an alias line to /etc/modules.conf as well as editing other system startup
    scripts and/or configuration files. Many popular Linux distributions ship
    with tools to make these changes for you. To learn the proper way to
    configure a network device for your system, refer to your distribution
    documentation. If during this process you are asked for the driver or module
    name, the name for the Linux Base Driver for the Atheros AR8121/AR8113 is arl1e

    As an example, if you install the arl1e driver for two AR8121/AR8113 adapters
    (eth0 and eth1) and set the speed and duplex to 10full and 100half, add the
    following to modules.conf:

    alias eth0 arl1e
    alias eth1 arl1e
    options arl1e Speed=10,100 Duplex=2,1

    Viewing Link Messages
    ---------------------

    Link messages will not be displayed to the console if the distribution is
    restricting system messages. In order to see network driver link messages
    on your console, set dmesg to eight by entering the following:

    dmesg -n 8

    NOTE: This setting is not saved across reboots.


    Known Issues
    ============

    NOTE: For distribution-specific information, see the ldistrib.txt file
    included in the driver tar.

    Driver Compilation
    ------------------

    When trying to compile the driver by running make install, the following
    error may occur:

    "Linux kernel source not configured - missing version.h"

    To solve this issue, create the version.h file by going to the Linux source
    tree and entering:

    make include/linux/version.h.


    Support
    =======

    For general information, go to the Atheros support website at:

    Welcome to Support at Atheros

    If an issue is identified with the released source code on the supported
    kernel with a supported adapter, email the specific information related to
    the issue to xiong.huang@atheros.com

    License
    =======

    This software program is released under the terms of a license agreement
    between you ('Licensee') and Atheros. Do not use or load this software or any
    associated materials (collectively, the 'Software') until you have carefully
    read the full terms and conditions of the LICENSE located in this software
    package. By loading or using the Software, you agree to the terms of this
    Agreement. If you do not agree with the terms of this Agreement, do not
    install or use the Software.

    * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.

  3. #3
    oz
    oz is offline
    forum.guy
    Join Date
    May 2004
    Location
    arch linux
    Posts
    18,733
    Welcome to the forums!

    Here's a HowTo that provides additional assistance for installing software under Linux:

    http://www.linuxforums.org/forum/lin...are-linux.html

    Look at post #2 for installing from source.

    The included README file pointed to by HROAmin26 will generally be your best source for installation instructions.
    oz

  4. #4
    Just Joined!
    Join Date
    Dec 2008
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    3
    Thanks

    I was advised in another forum to try using ndiswrapper to install the XP 64 bit driver (I'm using opensuse 11 64 bit) for the network adapter...
    would you guys recommend trying this out, or just going straight to installing the linux driver from source?

  5. #5
    Just Joined!
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    So I've made it to step 4 without any trouble...but I'm not sure whats going on with step 5 and beyond.

    5. Install the module:

    insmod arl1e <parameter>=<value>

    What is supposed to go into parameter and value?

    6. Assign an IP address to the interface by entering the following, where
    x is the interface number:

    ifconfig ethx <IP_address>

    What does it mean when it says to assign an IP address to the interface?

    7. Verify that the interface works. Enter the following, where <IP_address>
    is the IP address for another machine on the same subnet as the interface
    that is being tested:

    ping <IP_address>

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